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101-Chapter 3 Quiz

Quiz by Julie Ehle

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20 questions
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  • Q1

    The Greek philosophers Aristotle and Plato believed…

    training in grammar was important for children under 7.

    there was no need to begin education in early childhood.

    play was a necessary and appropriate way for young children to learn.

    humans were essentially bad with good developed by education.

  • Q2

    Religious reformed Martin Luther was a strong advocate of…

    raising children out of contact with corrupt society.

    sequenced materials to develop the intellect.

    child labor laws.

    universal education.

  • Q3

    One idea that Comenius contributed to early childhood education was…

    education for children older than 6 had the greatest impact on their development and learning.

    birth to age 6 is of the highest importance for human development, and learning will occur spontaneously through play.

    people are inherently evil but can be trained to be good through the rigorous application of scientific approaches to education.

    all people deserve education, but education corrupts, so children need to be sheltered from education as long as possible.

  • Q4

    Rousseau was an early proponent of…

    using sequenced materials to help children learn.

    a developmental view of learning which includes children learning through play, free of adult interference.

    orphanage reform and the establishment of a public school system.

    the "school of the mother's knee" in which the mother attends to her child's physical needs and encourages play.

  • Q5

    Which is true of Johann Pestalozzi?

    He was an early advocate of public school education for young children.

    He as an Italian physician who worked on behalf of children who were developmentally delayed.

    He believed that the first year of life was the most important and education should be adapted to each child's interests, abilities, and stage of development.

    He advocated the practice of memorization and rejected sensory exploration and observation because it failed to work for his son.

  • Q6

    Frederich Froebel was…

    the German philosopher, scientist, and educator who created Waldorf education.

    a fighter in the War Against Poverty in the 1960s.

    the father of the modern-day kindergarten.

    the creator of the movement known as progressive education.

  • Q7

    The first nursery school was created in response to…

    World War II.

    the unmet needs of children who were developmentally delayed.

    the research of Jean Piaget.

    health problems of children in poor communities.

  • Q8

    The National Association for Nursery Education (NANE), founded in 1926, was the first professional organization for nursery educators. This later evolved to become…

    Developmental Interaction Association (DIA).

    Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI).

    Southern Early Childhood Association (SECA).

    National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC).

  • Q9

    Progressive education was a reaction against traditional forms of public schooling. Its proponents advocated greater freedom and spontaneity in play and involvement of children in the social life of the classroom. One of the leaders of this movement was…

    Robert Owen.

    Maria Montessori.

    Margaret McMillan.

    John Dewey.

  • Q10

    The educational approach in which social studies and learning trips form the core of the curriculum is…

    the Bank Street or Developmental Interaction Approach.

    the Montessori method.

    the Waldorf method.

    the High/Scope approach.

  • Q11

    Montessori began her work in early education because…

    an interest in building early literacy skills.

    an interest in children with serious cognitive delays.

    a concern about the poverty of children in factories.

    her inability to get a job in the medical profession.

  • Q12

    The Reggio Emilia approach is known for promoting the intellectual development of children through the systematic focus on symbolic representation. Children in Reggio Emilia schools are encouraged to…

    develop their senses and explore concepts through the use of didactic materials.

    engage in many modes of expressing their understanding through "The Hundred Languages of Children".

    participate in "key experiences" to help them acquire mathematical concepts.

    use materials specifically designed for this approach to learning.

  • Q13

    Historically, child care in the United States…

    represents the attitude that the government must oversee the needs of children.

    is clear and uniform.

    has been viewed as a basic service the government should provide.

    has been seen as a temporary response to families in need of aid.

  • Q14

    There was a great upsurge in federal sponsorship of child care during the…

    1940s, when women were needed to work in defense plants.

    1920s, when women started to enter the labor force.

    1930s, during the Great Depression.

    1950s, when the baby boom was occurring.

  • Q15

    The term "Head Start" has become synonymous with…

    all children, regardless of disabilities or delays, being entitled to a free and appropriate educational experience.

    preschool programs for low income children.

    full-day child care for all children.

    parents of poor children being inappropriate role models.


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