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15a.Excretory System

Quiz by Kelly Gallagher

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12 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    The blood vessel carrying blood from the aorta into the kidney is the ___________.
    renal artery
    hepatic artery
    glomerulus
    renal vein
    30s
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  • Q2
    Filtrate contains everything in blood plasma except for _____________.
    water
    electrolytes
    solutes
    blood proteins
    30s
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  • Q3
    The tube connecting each kidney to the urinary bladder is the _____________ .
    ductus (vas) deferns
    calyx
    ureter
    urethra
    30s
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  • Q4
    Arterial blood pH above 7.45 is considered to be ____.
    physiological acidosis
    alkalosis
    normal
    acidosis
    30s
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  • Q5
    Which one of the following terms describes the location of the kidneys?
    suprarenal
    retroperitoneal
    adrenal
    endorenal
    30s
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  • Q6
    The percentage of filtrate eventually reabsorbed into the bloodstream is closest to _________.
    50%
    10%
    99%
    80%
    30s
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  • Q7
    Which one of the following is NOT a substance typically reabsorbed by the tubules under normal healthy conditions.
    urea
    water
    sodium
    glucose
    30s
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  • Q8
    In a 24-hour period, a typical volume of urine production is ____________.
    0.5 L
    1.4 L
    0.9 L
    2.0 L
    30s
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  • Q9
    Urine is transported from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body by the _________.
    collecting duct
    prostate gland
    ureter
    urethra
    30s
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  • Q10
    The average adult urinary bladder is moderately full with _________ of urine within it.
    100 mL
    1 L
    500 mL
    1 gallon
    30s
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  • Q11
    Which one of the following is NOT one of the major roles of the kidneys in normal healthy adults?
    maintenance of electrolyte balance of the blood
    maintenance of water balance of the blood
    conversion of ammonia to bicarbonate ion
    excretion of nitrogen-containing wastes
    30s
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  • Q12
    Which system removes excess carbon dioxide from the blood?
    respiratory system
    urinary system
    endocrine system
    digestive system
    30s
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