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4A Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Review

Quiz by Amanda Jones

High School
Biology (2017)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

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High School
Biology (2017)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)


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10 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    How is the prokaryotic bacterium in the diagram different from a eukaryotic cell?
    Question Image
    It stores its genetic information in DNA.
    It has a cell membrane.
    It has no membrane-bound nucleus.
    It has ribosomes to make proteins.
  • Q2
    Which of the following organelles is present in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
    Golgi body
    Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Q3
    Which characteristic of prokaryotic organisms makes them different from eukaryotes?
    Prokaryotes have DNA
    Prokaryotes do not have chromosomes.
    Prokaryotes are made of cells.
    Prokaryotic cells do not have membrane-bound organelles.
  • Q4
    Both euglena and cyanobacteria are photosynthetic unicellular organisms found in pond water. The feature that distinguishes euglena from cyanobacteria is the —
    presence of ribosomes
    ability to reproduce
    presence of a nuclear membrane
    ability to maintain homeostasis
  • Q5
    A single prokaryotic cell can divide several times in an hour. Few eukaryotic cells can divide as quickly. Which of the following statements best explains this difference?
    Eukaryotic cells are smaller than prokaryotic cells.
    Eukaryotic cells have less DNA than prokaryotic cells.
    Eukaryotic cells are more structurally complex than prokaryotic cells.
    Eukaryotic cells have more cell walls than prokaryotic cells.
  • Q6
    A biologist looks at an organism through a microscope. Which of the following observations tells the biologist that the organism is eukaryotic?
    The organism has a cell membrane.
    The organism moves with flagella.
    The organism is unicellular.
    The organism has membrane-bound organelles.
  • Q7
    The diagram represents Trichodina. Trichodina is a eukaryotic organism that attaches itself to fish and eats bacteria. Which of the following distinguishes Trichodina from all prokaryotes?
    Question Image
    Trichodina has a nucleus
    Trichodina is unicellular.
    Trichodina is heterotrophic.
    Trichodina has cytoplasm.
  • Q8
    A lab technician needs to determine whether cells in a test tube are prokaryotic or eukaryotic. The technician has several dyes she could use to stain the cells. Four of the dyes are described in the table below. Which dye could the technician use to determine whether the cells are prokaryotic or eukaryotic?
    Question Image
    acridine orange
    osmium tetroxide
    Nile blue
  • Q9
    Which of the following sets of organelles can be found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes?
    chloroplast and mitochondria
    Golgi body and vacuoles
    ribosomes and cell membrane
    nucleus and mitochondria
  • Q10
    Some students used information they gathered from lab investigations to prepare a table. They entered the table in their lab notebooks. Which of these correctly identifies the two cells described in the table?
    Question Image
    Cell 1 is eukaryotic, and Cell 2 is prokaryotic.
    Both Cell 1 and Cell 2 are eukaryotic.
    Cell 1 is prokaryotic, and Cell 2 is eukaryotic.
    Both Cell 1 and Cell 2 are prokaryotic.

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