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5.7.A Explore The Processes That Forms Sedimentary Rocks & Fossil Fuels

Quiz by Texas Education Agency

Grade 5
Science (2010)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

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9 questions
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  • Q1
    The diagram below shows the sequence of the processes that turn solid rock into sandstone. Which two processes best complete this diagram?
    Question Image
    Compaction and cementation
    Melting and cooling
    Erosion and compaction
    Evaporation and dissolving
    5.7.A: Earth and Space
  • Q2
    All of these are related to the formation of oil or natural gas EXCEPT —
    active volcanoes
    sedimentary rocks
    decomposed animals
    decayed plants
    5.7.A: Earth and Space
  • Q3
    The model below shows layers of sediment on the floor of an ocean. Which of the following best explains how these layers can become rock over many years?
    Question Image
    Sand in the sediment melts and turns into rock.
    Pollution caused by humans turns the sediment into rock.
    The weight of the water compacts the sediment into rock.
    Changing water temperatures turn sand in the sediment into rock
    5.7.A: Earth and Space
  • Q4
    Fossil fuels formed over long periods of time after particles in water settled to the sea floor and formed marine mud. What kinds of particles needed to be present in the marine mud in order for fossil fuels to form?
    Mostly decaying organisms
    Mostly sand and a few small bits of wood
    Mostly lava and a few sedimentary rocks
    Mostly metal minerals
    5.7.A: Earth and Space
  • Q5
    Some students make a model to show one of the first steps in the formation of sedimentary rock. The students pour 2 centimeters of light-colored sand into a clear plastic box. Then they add 1 centimeter of gravel. Finally they pour 2 centimeters of dark-colored sand on top of the gravel. Which characteristic of sedimentary rock does this model best show?
    Sedimentary rock is made of layers.
    Sedimentary rock is cemented bits of rock.
    Sedimentary rock is often limestone.
    Sedimentary rock is common in Texas.
    5.7.A: Earth and Space
  • Q6
    Erosion is one of the processes involved in the formation of sedimentary rock. Which of these best describes the process of erosion?
    Rocks are broken into smaller pieces that remain in the same location.
    Pieces of rock or soil are carried from one place to another.
    Pressure compacts layers of sediment and turns them into rock.
    Sediment grains fall to the bottom of a lake to form sedimentary layers.
    5.7.A: Earth and Space
  • Q7
    This photograph shows plants growing on the surface of a pond. How do plants like these form fossil fuels?
    Question Image
    The dead plants get buried for millions of years and form fossils that attract carbon.
    The dead plants produce carbon that is consumed by fish, which form fossils.
    The dead plants sink to the bottom of the pond and are consumed by decomposers.
    The dead plants sink to the bottom of the pond and get buried by sediment for millions of years.
    5.7.A: Earth and Space
  • Q8
    Which list contains only processes that must occur in order for fossil fuels to form?
    Erosion, burial, earthquakes
    Organism growth, burial, compaction
    Organism growth, burial, volcanic eruptions
    Formation of faults, burial, glacier formation
    5.7.A: Earth and Space
  • Q9
    Which diagram models the process of compaction leading to the formation of sedimentary rock?
    5.7.A: Earth and Space

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