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American History II Overview

Quiz by Dunn, Jennifer

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35 questions
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  • Q1

    What was the primary purpose of the Reconstruction period following the Civil War

    To rebuilt the depleted military

    To fix damage done to buildings during the war

    To integrate freed slaves into society

    To reinstate slavery in parts of the United States

  • Q2

    Which of the following best summarizes President Lincoln’s attitude toward the policies and process of Reconstruction?

    He insisted that a majority of Southern citizens take an oath of loyalty before the South could be welcomed back into the Union

    He believed the Southern states should have to recognize equal rights for African Americans before being welcomed back into the Union

    He believed that there would be no benefit to punishing southern states.

    He believed the South should not be welcomed back into the Union

  • Q3

    President Johnson’s view of African Americans was:

    That they should be granted equal rights to whites, but not voting rights

    That they should not be granted equal rights to whites

    Similar to Abraham Lincoln’s

    That they should be granted equal rights to whites, including voting rights

  • Q4

    What was the purpose of the “Black Codes” which were enacted in Southern states in 1865 and 1866?

    To repeal the slave codes that were in place before the war

    To desegregate Southern society and institutions

    To provide African Americans access to government services

    To restrict the freedom of African Americans and ensure their availability as a cheap labor force

  • Q5

    What was the premise behind the sharecropping model of agriculture?

    The government would pay farmers to grow specific crops that were particularly in demand.

    Communities would combine their farms’ yields to ensure everyone had enough food.

    Farmers would collude to drive up prices of certain crops.

    Workers would be given a modest home, supplies, and a small portion of land to farm for personal use in exchange for also farming the landowner’s land.

  • Q6

    How did the Compromise of 1877 effectively end Reconstruction?

    The federal government pledged larger amounts of financial assistance to the Southern states.

    none of the above

    Federal troops were removed from the Southern states and the Democratic majority was entrusted to protect and enforce the rights of African Americans.

    A large number of Republican lawmakers regained seats in Southern state governments, but chose to abandon Reconstruction reforms.

  • Q7

    How did railroad companies obtain the majority of the land rights that were needed to build the first transcontinental railroad?

    The railroad companies purchased the land

    The land rights were provided with land grants from the federal government

    The railroad companies took the land from Native Americans without compensating them

    The land rights were donated by wealthy land owners

  • Q8

    What led to the boom in “cow towns” in the 1860s?

    An increased demand for beef in the North and East meant southern cattle ranchers needed to drive their cattle to railroad-connected “cow towns” to make the most profit.

    Improvements in agriculture created southern “cow towns” where the number of cattle outnumbered the human population.

    The railroad led to an increase in demand for dairy products which resulted in “cow towns” springing up to create the nation’s first dairy factories.

    Rodeo sports became more popular as entertainment resulting in “cow towns” where businessmen and families would flock to witness the ranching feats.

  • Q9

    Which of the following was a primary objective of the Dawes Act of 1887?

    To return large portions of Native American land to the tribes that had once controlled it

    To bring more Native American representation into the US government

    To assimilate Native Americans into American society

    To prevent Native Americans from gaining US citizenship

  • Q10

    How was John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Company able to dominate the United States’ oil industry?

    Rockefeller chose to import and resell cheaper oil from foreign countries rather than producing his own in America.

    Rockefeller sold off the majority of Standard Oil’s stock interest to the federal government in exchange for tax breaks.

    Rockefeller brought competing oil companies under the control of Standard Oil and was able to use the resulting wealth to control the entire production and distribution process of his products.

    Standard Oil developed a secret corporate militia to sabotage and destroy competitors’ refineries.

  • Q11

    What made the Knights of Labor different from the labor unions that had predated it?

    The Knights of Labor had an active paramilitary organization that organized violent attacks on anti-union corporations.

    The Knights of Labor actively sought to include marginalized groups like African Americans, immigrants, and women.

    D The Knights of Labor never actually had any members; the fictitious organization was purely a product of the press.

    The Knights of Labor was celebrated by leaders of industry and business as a positive force in improving the American economy.

  • Q12

    How did American immigration patterns change in the latter half of the 19th century?

    European immigrants were coming primarily from the eastern and southern regions of the continent as opposed to the western and northern regions as they had in previous generations.

    There were drastically fewer regulations imposed on immigrants seeking entry into the United States.

    More so than in previous eras, immigrants arrived with a fluency in the American dialect and a familiarity with American cultural traditions.

    Immigration largely dried up due to a boom in European industrial jobs in the 1870s.

  • Q13

    What was the paradox in American society that led Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner to refer to late 1800s America as “The Gilded Age”?

    All facets of American society were experiencing record levels of wealth and comfort.

    American society had a powerfully wealthy exterior that was overshadowing a horrendously poverty-stricken lower class.

    America was focused on mining gold while neglecting other materials that would have had more industrial value.

    none of the above

  • Q14

    What drew Germany into World War I?

    Germany wanted to protect Russia from Austria-Hungary.

    Germany was looking for any excuse to go to war with Serbia.

    After Russia had entered the war to protect Serbia, Germany declared war on Russia to help protect its Triple Alliance ally, Austria-Hungary.

    Germany was hoping to entice France and Great Britain to join the war against Austria-Hungary.

  • Q15

    What actions kept the French and British from being totally overrun by the German army in the Battle of the Marne?

    The French and British circled behind the attacking Germans and joined with their Russian allies for an attack from the east.

    The French and British were able to call upon their Japanese allies for a surprise naval attack on the German army.

    The Belgians were able to fend off the Germans long enough in the summer of 1914 for the British and French to get their troops in position to defend Paris.

    The French and British invaded Belgium and used the territory as an extra buffer against German invasion.


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