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AP Biology Review

Quiz by Shari Copeland

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36 questions
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  • Q1
    Which of the following is a function of the Golgi apparatus?
    DNA replication
    Cellular respiration
    Processing and packaging proteins for secretion
  • Q2
    What is the function of the mitochondria in a cell?
    Generating ATP through cellular respiration
    Regulating cell shape and structure
    Storing genetic information
    Producing enzymes for digestion
  • Q3
    What is the function of ribosomes in a cell?
    Energy production
    Protein synthesis
    Lipid synthesis
    Cell division
  • Q4
    What is the central dogma of molecular biology?
    RNA is transcribed into DNA, which is translated into proteins
    Proteins are transcribed into DNA, which is translated into RNA
    DNA is transcribed into RNA, which is translated into proteins
    DNA is directly translated into proteins
  • Q5
    What is the role of the endoplasmic reticulum in a cell?
    Regulating cell division
    Modifying and folding proteins
    Storage of genetic information
    Generating cellular energy
  • Q6
    What is the primary function of the nucleus in a eukaryotic cell?
    Producing proteins for cellular processes
    Regulating the cell's shape and structure
    Generating ATP for cellular energy
    Containing the cell's genetic material (DNA)
  • Q7
    What is the function of the chloroplast in plant cells?
    Protein synthesis
    Cellular respiration
    DNA replication
  • Q8
    What is the process of mitosis in cell division?
    Cytokinesis is the division of the cytoplasm to separate the two daughter cells.
    Meiosis is the formation of gametes with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
    Mitosis is the division of the nucleus into two daughter nuclei with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
    Apoptosis is the programmed cell death to remove damaged or unnecessary cells.
  • Q9
    What is the role of enzymes in biological reactions?
    Enzymes inhibit biological reactions by increasing the activation energy required for the reaction.
    Enzymes store energy within cells to be used for metabolic processes.
    Enzymes catalyze and speed up chemical reactions by lowering the activation energy needed for the reaction to occur.
    Enzymes simply provide structural support to molecules without affecting reaction rates.
  • Q10
    Which scientist is credited with developing the theory of natural selection as a mechanism for evolution?
    Charles Darwin
    Gregor Mendel
    Alfred Russel Wallace
    Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
  • Q11
    What is the term for the process by which organisms develop similar traits or characteristics due to their shared evolutionary history?
    Convergent evolution
    Parallel evolution
    Adaptive radiation
    Divergent evolution
  • Q12
    Which type of selection favors extreme phenotypes, leading to a reduction in genetic diversity within a population?
    Stabilizing selection
    Disruptive selection
    Directional selection
    Balancing selection
  • Q13
    What is genetic drift?
    The movement of individuals from one population to another
    A process that always leads to the most beneficial alleles becoming fixed in a population
    A change in allele frequencies in a population due to random events
    A mechanism of evolution that involves the direct manipulation of genes by an organism
  • Q14
    What is the name of the process by which species evolve to become more suited to their environment over time?
    Genetic recombination
  • Q15
    What is a key concept in evolutionary biology that describes the ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its environment?

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