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AP Govt Ch 7 Interest Groups Part 2

Quiz by Mark Stegall

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30 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    A latent interest is an interest __________.
    recognized and represented by an interest group
    based on input from free riders
    mandated by voting records of interest group members
    neither recognized nor represented by an interest group
    30s
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  • Q2
    Alexis de Tocqueville observed in 1834 that “in no country of the world has the principle of association been __________.”
    less successfully used or applied than in America
    more successfully used or applied to a greater multitude of objectives than in America
    more subject to abuse than in America, where two, but only two, factions have control over the entire scope of government
    more subject to abuse than in America
    30s
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  • Q3
    Direct techniques used by interest groups include __________.
    using YouTube, Twitter, and Facebook to generate influence
    staging demonstrations, marches, and boycotts
    using constituents to lobby Congress on behalf of an issue
    building alliances with other groups to enhance their collective effectiveness
    30s
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  • Q4
    Because the economically disadvantaged cannot afford to join interest groups, they are __________.
    indirectly represented, with only little direct voice of their own
    largely represented by labor unions
    largely represented by business groups
    not represented; they intentionally choose to be outsiders
    30s
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  • Q5
    A strategy employed by interest groups that uses the general public or individual constituents to influence government officials is known as a(n) __________.
    direct technique
    material technique
    solidary contact
    indirect technique
    30s
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  • Q6
    Congress’s first attempt to control lobbyists, the Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act of 1946, __________.
    proved largely ineffectual because it provided for public disclosure more than for regulation
    reduced the effectiveness of most interest groups
    forced many interest groups to abandon attempts to influence the government
    ironically caused an increase in the number of lobbyists in Washington, DC
    30s
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  • Q7
    People who become members of interest groups in response to purposive incentives join __________.
    because they have been pressured to do so
    for ethical beliefs or ideological reasons
    for a sense of belonging
    for economic opportunities
    30s
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  • Q8
    The U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) are known as umbrella groups because they __________.
    are based in the Pacific Northwest, where rainfall is a frequent occurrence
    represent certain types of businesses or companies that deal in a particular type of product
    use lobbyists, who are said to offer protection for “rainy days”
    combine with other types of interest groups, such as public interest groups and professional organizations, in order to achieve their objectives
    30s
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  • Q9
    Interest groups __________.
    would greatly increase in number if the Supreme Court reversed itself by extending First Amendment protections to interest groups
    are largely irrelevant to the actions of American government
    allow for more powerful representation of the opinions of individuals
    are disadvantaged by the fact that pressure on government officials can be applied at relatively few points
    30s
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  • Q10
    The “shotgun” approach of mobilizing constituents to lobby for an interest group’s goals may __________.
    be ineffective because the legislators know that the activity has been artificially manufactured
    be best suited to interest groups that are focused on a single-message, like the National Rifle Association
    also incorporate a demonstration or boycott to draw attention to the groups message
    require a minimal number of participants to effect considerable change if the message is “on target”
    30s
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  • Q11
    Indirect techniques used by interest groups include __________.
    rating voting records of members of Congress and publicizing the results
    forming alliances with other groups that are concerned about the same legislation
    paying members of Congress to act as consultants
    mobilizing the general public to influence the government on issues of concern to them
    30s
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  • Q12
    The fact that American farmers and their workers represent only 2 percent of the U.S. population supports the proposition that __________.
    more farmers are needed today than 40 years ago
    farmers are an unsuccessful interest group
    geographical dispersion works against the formation of effective interest groups
    small percentages of the populace can be effective if they organize
    30s
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  • Q13
    __________ sees political struggle as the pitting of different groups against each other to reach a compromise.
    Despotism
    Majoritarianism
    Minoritarianism
    Pluralism
    30s
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  • Q14
    The existence of interest groups ___________.
    conclusively demonstrates the validity of the pluralist model of our representative democracy
    poses problems for our representative democracy because the upper classes often dominate interest groups
    is required by the Constitution in Article IV
    conclusively demonstrates the validity of the majoritarian model of our representative democracy
    30s
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  • Q15
    __________ is the ability of interest groups to mandate or defeat policies needed for the public good.
    Pluralism
    Majoritarianism
    Hyper-pluralism
    Hyper-majoritarianism
    30s
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  • Q16
    An interest group that offers material incentives to induce people to join its ranks is the __________.
    Occupy Movement
    National Audubon Society
    American Civil Liberties Union
    American Association of Retired Persons
    30s
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  • Q17
    People who become members of interest groups in response to material incentives join __________ .
    for reasons of belonging
    to receive direct economic benefits
    to express their ethical beliefs or personal convictions
    to have an impact, politically, economically, or socially on society
    30s
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  • Q18
    Political endorsements by interest groups are ___________.
    important although candidates cannot identify the specific source of any endorsement
    relatively unimportant, given the power of political parties
    important because groups publicize their choices in their membership publications
    violations of campaign finance reform laws
    30s
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  • Q19
    Which of the following statements best reflects the role of foreign interests in lobbying the U.S. government?
    Although foreign corporations are allowed to lobby Congress, they are forbidden by law from hiring former members of Congress to lobby on their behalf.
    International and multinational corporations spend millions of dollars each year on lobbying in the United States in an effort to create favorable business and trade conditions.
    Royal Dutch Shell, a Netherlands-based oil company, spent almost $3 million in 2011 to lobby the U.S. government.
    After 9/11 Saudi Arabia virtually ceased all lobbying efforts in the United States.
    30s
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  • Q20
    In the __________ approach to lobbying, an interest group may request that managers or owners of businesses who are responsible for many jobs or who control other resources to contact their senators.
    “grassroots”
    “rifle”
    “purposive”
    “shotgun”
    30s
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