Benchmark #2 Review

Quiz by Jessica

Science
Next Generation Science Standards

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20 questions
• Q1
The tropical regions are warmer than the polar regions due to the angle of the Sun's rays. As a result, there is generally higher pressure at the poles and lower pressure at the equator, so which way does the wind blow on the Earth's surface.
The wind blows cold air from the equator to the poles.
The wind blows warm air from the equator to the poles.
The wind blows cold air toward the equator from the poles.
The wind blows warm air from the poles to the equator.
60s
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• Q2
The city marked with an "X" in the diagram currently has a temperature of 32 F. What type of weather is predicted for this city over the next few days?
warmer temperatures and severe thunderstorms
colder temperatures and dry air
sunny and clear
clouds and light rain
120s
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• Q3
A student creates a graph of the average monthly temperatures of Wahpeton, North Dakota, and Miami Beach, Florida. The student observes that the variation in the temperature of Wahpeton is very high, but the variation in the temperature of Miami Beach is moderate. Which statement best explains the difference in the average monthly temperature range of the two cities?
The warm, dry air mass influences the weather of Wahpeton.
Cold, dry air from the Atlantic Ocean decreases the temperature of Florida during summer.
The Gulf Stream moderates the weather of Florida.
120s
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• Q4
Refer to the picture!! A student examines a map showing the flow of ocean currents throughout the world. What would be the major consequence if global current circulation stops?
The climates of the coastal equatorial regions would become colder and wetter, and the climates of the coastal polar regions would become warmer and dryer.
The climates of the coastal equatorial regions would become hotter and drier, and the climates of the coastal polar regions would become colder and wetter.
The climates of the coastal equatorial regions would become colder and drier, and the climates of the coastal polar regions would become warmer and wetter.
The climates of the coastal equatorial regions would become hotter and wetter, and the climates of the coastal polar regions would become colder and dryer.
120s
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• Q5
Look at the picture!!! The map shows different ocean currents. What is one reason for the different directions of ocean currents?
locations of underwater mountains
revolution of Earth
differences in the amount of underwater life
differences in the temperature and salinity of water
120s
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• Q6
A ball is pushed off of a block of wood and falls toward the ground. The diagram shows the various positions (1, 2, 3, and 4) of the ball during its fall. At which position will the ball possess the greatest speed?
position 4
position 3
position 2
position 1
120s
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• Q7
The diagram shows the various energies possessed by a ball falling from a height of 20 m. Which statement is an accurate conclusion made from the data?
The total energy of the ball decreases during its fall.
The total energy of the ball remains constant during its fall.
The total energy of the ball is equal to potential energy.
The total energy of the ball is converted into kinetic energy during its fall.
120s
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• Q8
The diagram shows the potential energy (PE) and kinetic energy (KE) of a car in motion. What can be said about the energy of the car?
The total energy of the car is the sum of the potential energy and kinetic energy.
The difference between the potential and kinetic energy gives the total energy of the car.
The total energy of the car varies as it moves from one point to another.
The potential energy of the car increases as it moves down the slope.
120s
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• Q9
A teacher makes a swing pendulum, as shown in the image. The teacher pulls back and releases ball 1, and students record statements in a table (look at the picture). Which statements support the Law of Conservation of Energy?
1, 2, and 3
1, 2, and 5
1, 2, and 4
1, 3, and 5
120s
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• Q10
What helps in the regulation of the temperature range of the Earth's atmosphere?
air mass
winds
land
water
120s
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• Q11
The Gulf Stream is a warm ocean current that flows along the east coast of Florida. How does the Gulf Stream affect the climate of Florida?
It keeps the east coast of Florida cooler in winter and warmer in summer than landlocked southeastern states.
It keeps the east coast of Florida cooler than landlocked southeastern states throughout the year.
It keeps the east coast of Florida warmer in winter and cooler in summer than landlocked southeastern states.
It keeps the east coast of Florida warmer than landlocked southeastern states throughout the year.
120s
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• Q12
Which example shows heat transfer by convection?
a piece of macaroni rising and falling in a pan of boiling water
a playground slide becoming hot on a sunny day
an ice cube melting in the palm of your hand
a spoon becoming warm when kept in a cup of hot soup
120s
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• Q13
A student rolls a 20-gram ball at different speeds. The table shows the kinetic energy of the ball at each speed. Based on the data, which statement describes the relationship between the speed and the kinetic energy of the ball?
When the speed of the ball is doubled, the kinetic energy quadruples.
When the speed of the ball is doubled, the kinetic energy doubles.
When the speed of the ball is quadrupled, the kinetic energy is halved.
When the speed of the ball is halved, the kinetic energy doubles.
120s
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• Q14
Tina added 100 mL of water at 50°C to each of four different-colored cups. She covered each cup with similar-colored lids, inserted a thermometer in each, and placed the cups on a table in a closed room. Tina recorded the temperature in each cup every 5 minutes for a time interval of 20 minutes. The table shows her data. Which cup radiated the most heat energy to the surroundings?
blue
black
white
yellow
120s
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• Q15
Differences in the temperature between the North and South poles and the equator create thermal currents in the atmosphere that form global winds. What is the source of energy for these currents?
equator
Sun
moon
tides
120s
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• Q16
A teacher pins a ribbon on a map to show the path of the Gulf Stream. The teacher then marks a location (X) on the map If location X is experiencing winter, what change will the Gulf Stream likely cause at location X?
It will increase the temperature.
It will decrease temperature.
It will cause flooding.
It will cause drought.
120s
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• Q17
How does the air above land and water behave differently on a sunny day?
The air above water rises, and it sinks above land because the radiation from the Sun heats water faster than land.
The air above land sinks, and it rises above water because the radiation from the Sun heats land faster than water.
The air above land rises, and it sinks above water because the radiation from the Sun heats land faster than water.
The air above water sinks, and it rises above land because the radiation from the Sun heats water faster than land.
120s
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• Q18
A meteorologists predicts that a strong low pressure system is moving toward a city within the next 24 hours. What weather will the city most likely experience?
no wind
partly cloudy
clear skies
120s
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• Q19
The model shows a weather front. Which type of weather front is shown, and how does it form?
A stationary front; a warm and cold air mass collide and do not move.
A cold front; a cold air mass slides under a warm air mass, creating a cold front.
An occluded front; two cold air masses surround a warm air mass.
A warm front; a warm air mass rides above a cold air mass, creating a warm front.
120s
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• Q20
Which pressure system is paired with its most likely weather conditions?
high-pressure → cloudy and stormy with winds circulating around a system in counterclockwise direction
high-pressure → mostly fair skies with winds circulating around a system in a clockwise direction
low-pressure → cloudy and stormy with winds circulating around a system in clockwise direction
low-pressure → mostly fair skies with winds circulating around a system in counterclockwise direction
120s
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