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Biology Category 1 Quiz

Quiz by Nnenna

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50 questions
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  • Q1
    What characteristic do ALL cells have in common?
    Membrane-bound nuclei
    Cell walls
  • Q2
    Which cellular process takes place in the ribosomes that are bound to the endoplasmic reticulum?
    The replication of nucleic acids
    The breakdown of waste material
    The conversion of radiant energy to glucose
    The synthesis of new proteins
  • Q3
    Which of the following kingdoms include prokaryotic organisms?
  • Q4
    Which sequence shows the increasing complexity of levels of organization in multicellular organisms?
    cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
    cell, organ, tissue, organ system, organism
    cell, organism, tissue, organ, organ system
    organ system, organ, organism, cell, tissue
  • Q5
    The function of the plant cell structure shown in the enlargement in the picture below is to –
    Question Image
    use energy from sunlight to make sugar
    direct all the cell’s activities
    regulate substances that enter and exit the cell
    provide support for the cell
  • Q6
    Checkpoints occur between the stages of the cell cycle. If a cell does not meet certain criteria at the end of a stage, it will not move to the next stage. Which of these occurs just before the cell enters the G2 stage of the cell cycle?
    Question Image
    The nucleolus divides
    The nuclear membrane disintegrates
    Centrioles form.
    DNA replicates.
  • Q7
    Meiosis produces 4 genetically different haploid cells. Mitosis produces
    4 genetically different haploid cells.
    2 genetically different diploid cells.
    4 genetically identical haploid cells.
    2 genetically identical diploid cells.
  • Q8
    The graph shows the effect of temperature on enzyme action. What characteristic do enzymes E1, E2, and E3 share?
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    Their activity is at a high level between 30°C and 40°C
    Their activity is greatest between 5°C and 10°C.
    Their activity is at a low level between 15°C and 25°C.
    Their activity increases between 20°C and 30°C.
  • Q9
    The diagram shows a structural formula of a biomolecule. What is the most likely function of this biomolecule?
    Question Image
    Storing energy
    Storing genetic information
    Forming waterproof coverings
    Fighting diseases
  • Q10
    A photograph of a virus is shown below. The projections on the surface of this virus allow the virus to-
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    signal other viruses to infect a host cell
    move inside a host cell
    control a host cell’s DNA
    attach to a host cell
  • Q11
    Which of these statements best explains the process of energy conversion that takes place in the mitochondria?
    Oxygen molecules release energy in the form of heat during combustion reactions.
    The energy in the bonds of glucose molecules is transferred to the phosphate bonds in ATP.
    Water molecules and radiant energy are necessary for anaerobic respiration to take place.
    Energy is required for carbon dioxide molecules to form six-carbon sugar molecules.
  • Q12
    A photomicrograph of onion root tip cells during mitosis is shown below. Which phase of mitosis is occurring in the cell indicated by the arrow?
    Question Image
  • Q13
    Proteins and polysaccharides are polymers. These polymers are formed by dehydration synthesis. Which statement correctly identifies a difference in the structure of proteins and polysaccharides?
    Only polysaccharides are comprised of repeating units of cytosine, adenine, guanine, and thymine.
    Only proteins are formed from amino acids joined by peptide bonds.
    Only polysaccharides can be folded and twisted to very specific shapes.
    Only proteins can be large molecules with thousands of subunits.
  • Q14
    Both euglena and cyanobacteria are photosynthetic unicellular organisms found in pond water. The feature that distinguishes euglena from cyanobacteria is the -
    ability to reproduce
    ability to maintain homeostasis
    presence of a nuclear membrane
    presence of ribosomes
  • Q15
    Which cellular process takes place in the ribosomes that are bound to the endoplasmic reticulum?
    The conversion of radiant energy to glucose
    The breakdown of waste material
    The synthesis of new proteins
    The replication of nucleic acids

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