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cell membrane and biomolecules

Quiz by Leslie Mosley

Grade 9-12
Science
Ohio Learning Standards

Feel free to use or edit a copy

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Measures 2 skills from
Grade 9-12
Science
Ohio Learning Standards

B.C.1
B.C.1b

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28 questions
Show answers
  • Q1

    The cell membrane is made mostly of 

    carbohydrates

    protein

    phospholipids

    two layers of phospholipids with proteins in it

    30s
    B.C.1
  • Q2

    How do large and/or polar molecules pass through the plasma (cell) membrane?

    protein channels

    diffusion

    carbohydrates

    osmosis

    30s
    B.C.1
  • Q3

    Carbohydrates in the cell membrane provide the main source of energy for the cell 

    false
    true
    True or False
    30s
    B.C.1
  • Q4

    the cell membrane is made solely of carbohydrates which gives the cell strength and structure

    false
    true
    True or False
    30s
    B.C.1
  • Q5

    The two layers of phospholipids allow small non-polar molecules to pass freely through the membrane

    true
    false
    True or False
    30s
    B.C.1
  • Q6

    The two layers of phospholipids make it difficult for large, hydrophilic substances to pass freely through the membrane

    true
    false
    True or False
    30s
    B.C.1
  • Q7

    the membrane is made solely of proteins, this allows the cell to carry out all necessary reactions under unfavorable conditions

    false
    true
    True or False
    30s
    B.C.1
  • Q8

    Sucrose is a type of sugar (carbohydrate).  Sucrose is dissolved in water so it is the solvent.  The sucrose molecule is too large to pass through the membrane.  Why does one cell get larger, one cell gets smaller, and one cell stays the same?

    Question Image

    Water moves into the cell and solutes move out of the cell to ensure their concentration is balanced both inside and outside the cell.

    Water transports solutes out of the cell to balance the percent concentration of solutes both inside and outside the cell.

    Water moves freely both inside and outside the cell independent of the solute concentration.

    Water movement into the cell is dependent on the percent concentration of solutes both inside and outside the cell.

    120s
    B.C.1
  • Q9

    What mechanism causes sodium and potassium ions to move through the sodium-potassium pump?

    Osmosis powers the pump, moving each ion from a region of greater concentration to a region of less concentration

    ATP provides the energy to move the ions against the ion gradient

    The cell becomes hypotonic. This creates greater pressure inside the cell and pushes the ions through the sodium-potassium pump

    Flow of ions through the sodium and potassium channels create a circular current. This moves sodium and potassium ions through the pump.

    120s
    B.C.1
  • Q10

    The concentration of solutes inside and outside of cells impacts the cells’ structure and ability to function. If a saltwater plant cell is placed in a solution that contains a low concentration of solute, how would the cell’s structure be impacted?

    The cell membrane would shrink away from the cell wall because the water would leave the vacuole by osmosis

    The vacuole would be completely full because of osmosis and the cell would push against the cell wall

    The cell wall and the cell membrane would both shrink because the water would leave the vacuole and leave the cell by osmosis

    The cell would stay the same, the vacuole would not be completely full and it would not shrink

    60s
    B.C.1
  • Q11

    The concentration of solutes inside and outside of cells impacts the cells’ structure and ability to function. If a freshwater plant cell is placed in a solution that contains a high concentration of solute, how would the cell’s structure be impacted?

    The cell wall and the cell membrane will both shrink as the vacuole empties and the water leaves the cell by osmosis

    The vacuole will be completely full and the cell membrane will push against the cell wall

    The cell will stay the same

    The cell wall will stay mostly the same but the cell membrane will pull away from the cell wall as the water leaves the cell by osmosis

    60s
    B.C.1
  • Q12

    Organic molecules are composed mainly of carbon.

    true
    false
    True or False
    30s
    B.C.1
  • Q13

    Water is an example of an essential cellular organic molecule

    false
    true
    True or False
    30s
    B.C.1
  • Q14

    Organic molecules can be in the form of long chains and rings

    true
    false
    True or False
    30s
    B.C.1
  • Q15

    Most organic molecules are able to diffuse through the cell membrane

    false
    true
    True or False
    30s
    B.C.1

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