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Ch.11 Genetics

Quiz by Kate Downey

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45 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Mendel believed that the characteristics of pea plants are determined by the:
    inheritance of units or factors from one parent
    relative health of the parent plants at the time of pollination
    inheritance of units or factors from both parents
  • Q2
    An allele is:
    one of several possible forms of a gene
    another word for a gene
    a homozygous genotype
    a heterozygous genotype
  • Q3
    Phenotype refers to the ______________________ of an individual.
    genetic makeup
    recessive alleles
    dominant alleles
    actual physical appearance
  • Q4
    When the genotype consists of a dominant and a recessive allele, the phenotype will be like _________________ allele.
    the dominant
    the recessive
  • Q5
    Assuming that both parent plants in the diagram below are homozygous, why would all of the f1 generation have yellow phenotypes?
    Question Image
    because both parents passed on yellow alleles
    because the f1 genotypes are homozygous
    because both parents passed on green alleles
    because yellow is dominant over green
  • Q6
    The idea that different pairs of alleles are passed to offspring independently is Mendel's principle of:
    unit inheritance
    law of segregation
    law of independent assortment
    law of dominance
  • Q7
    In the diagram below, what accounts for the green pea seed in the f2 generation?
    Question Image
    The f1 generation parents are homozygous yellow.
    On average, 1 out of 4 offspring of heterozygous parents will be homozygous recessive.
    The f1 generation parents are homozygous green.
    The yellow allele is dominant over the green one.
  • Q8
    The idea that for any particular trait, the pair of alleles of each parent separate and only one allele from each parent passes to an offspring is Mendel's principle of:
    law of independent assortment
    law of segregation
    law of dominance
  • Q9
    Pea plants were particularly well suited for use in Mendel's breeding experiments for all of the following reasons except that
    many of the observable characters that vary in pea plants are controlled by single genes.
    peas show easily observed variations in a number of characters, such as pea shape and flower color
    peas have an unusually long reproduction time
    it is possible to completely control matings between different pea plants.
  • Q10
    A cross between homozygous purple-flowered and homozygous white-flowered pea plants results in offspring with purple flowers. This demonstrates
    a dihybrid cross.
    the blending model of genetics.
  • Q11
    What was the most significant conclusion that Gregor Mendel drew from his experiments with pea plants?
    Genes are composed of DNA
    Traits are inherited in discrete units, and are not the results of "blending.
    An organism that is homozygous for many recessive traits is at a disadvantage.
    There is considerable genetic variation in garden peas
  • Q12
    Which of the following is (are) true for alleles?
    They can represent alternative forms of a gene
    They can be identical(AA) or different(Aa) for any given gene in a somatic cell.
    All of the following are true for alleles.
    They can be dominant or recessive.
  • Q13
    Two plants are crossed, resulting in offspring with a 3:1 phenotype ratio for a particular trait. This suggests
    That the parents were both heterozygous.
    That the parents were true-breeding for contrasting traits.
    That each offspring has the same alleles.
    That a blending of traits has occurred
  • Q14
    A 9:3:3:1 phenotypic ratio is characteristic of which of the following?
    dihybrid cross
    monohybrid cross
    linked genes
    trihybrid cross
  • Q15
    When crossing a homozygous recessive with a heterozygous organism, what is the chance of getting an offspring with the homozygous recessive phenotype?

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