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Chapter 2: Causes of Crime

Quiz by Debbie Rowell

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25 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    In positivism, behavior is thought to be
    the result of a rational decision-making process
    beyond the control of the individual
    the result of exposure to family and friends
    not influenced by the environment surrounding the individual
    120s
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  • Q2
    Labeling an individual
    affects one's self-concept
    cannot be reversed
    cannot be applied by the community
    is evil
    120s
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  • Q3
    Which model holds that substance abusers are forced into petty crime to feed their addictions?
    medical model
    criminal model
    treatment model
    addiction model
    120s
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  • Q4
    Social conflict theory is often associated with a criticism of capitalism. Capitalism is seen as leading to high levels of violence and crime because of
    wealth
    unemployment
    disparity of income that results
    decrease in self-control
    120s
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  • Q5
    Classical theorists believed that a crime was an expression of a person's
    ethics
    genetics
    rational decision-making process
    conscience
    120s
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  • Q6
    In classical criminology, punishment aims to
    return the victim to the state they were in before the crime
    deter people from committing crimes
    incapacitate offenders
    rehabilitate offenders
    120s
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  • Q7
    According to Beccaria, all the following are true except
    all decisions are the result of rational choice
    the more swift and certain a punishment is, the more effective it will be
    fear of punishment can deter the choice to commit crime
    punishment must be designed to diagnose and treat the underlying causes of criminal behavior
    120s
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  • Q8
    Which of the following is consistent with control theory?
    People must be taught to commit illegal activities
    People do not commit crimes because of their relationship with their parents and peers
    People commit crimes after being labeled by society
    Offenders learn deviant values from parents and peers
    120s
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  • Q9
    Criminal activity in males has been linked to high levels of hormones, especially
    testosterone
    melatonin
    thyroxine
    epinephrine
    120s
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  • Q10
    Rational choice theory is an updated version of
    control theory
    ego theory
    Classical Criminology
    anomie theory
    120s
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  • Q11
    Through criminal laws, society controls minorities, using the police, courts, and prisons as tools of oppression. This is the key concept for which theory?
    Strain Theory
    Labeling Theory
    Social Conflict Theory
    Social Control Theory
    120s
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  • Q12
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of low self-control?
    solving problems with violence rather than intellect
    thrill-seeking
    impulsiveness
    torturing animals
    120s
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  • Q13
    To understand the basics of addiction and physical dependence, one must understand the role of ___________ in the brain.
    testosterine
    androgen
    dopamine
    serotonin
    120s
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  • Q14
    Which of the following is NOT a factor in the learning process of habitual drug users?
    learning to make money from drug use
    learning how to use drugs
    learning to enjoy the social experience of drug use
    learning the pleasurable effects of drug use
    120s
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  • Q15
    The theory that people adapt to the values of the subculture to which they belong is
    social learning theory
    anomie
    social control theory
    cultural deviance theory
    120s
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  • Q16
    The belief that illegal drug abusers are a danger to society and should be punished accordingly is consistent with
    the enslavement theory of addiction
    the medical model of addiction
    the criminal model of addiction
    the systemic model of addiction
    120s
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  • Q17
    Those who practice life course criminology believe the strongest predictors of future criminal behavior can be found by looking at
    family structure and interaction
    childhood behaviors
    neighborhood conditions
    the mental and physical health of the offender
    120s
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  • Q18
    Social conflict theory focuses on
    neighborhoods
    psychology
    sociology
    power
    120s
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  • Q19
    Researchers believe that low self-control is a result of
    school failure
    hormones
    mental issues
    poor parenting
    120s
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  • Q20
    According to social disorganization theory, which of the following DOES NOT lead to crime in disorganized neighborhoods?
    a high number of children
    deteriorating buildings and other infrastructures
    high levels of high school dropouts
    concentrations of single-parent families
    120s
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