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Chapter 4 Test

Quiz by Leslie Lloyd

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55 questions
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  • Q1
    Tensions between the Upcountry and Lowcountry were based mostly on economic differences. What was the main economic difference between the two regions?
    The Upcountry had a large slave population than the Lowcountry
    The Upcountry was made up of mostly subsistence farming, the Lowcountry had mainly large plantations.
    a. Upcountry had more plantations that the Lowcountry.
    The Upcountry relied upon slave labor, the Lowcountry used farming techniques learned from the Cherokee.
  • Q2
    Why did the Upcountry citizens think the system of political representation after the Revolutionary War was unfair?
    They only had nonvoting members present in the legislature.
    They did not get to send any representatives to the state legislature
    They had more white citizens but less representation in the state government.
    They had a greater overall population but less representation in the state government.
  • Q3
    How did the invention of the cotton gin impact the relationship between the Upcountry and Lowcountry farmers?
    The socioeconomic gap between the two areas grew as the Lowcountry passed laws to block the economic growth of the Upcountry.
    The two groups clashed less since the cotton gin resulted in more Upcountry farmers becoming slave owners
    Tensions became worse as the Lowcountry elite blocked Upcountry famers from having access to the new invention.
    Upcountry farmers were able to gain political power over the Lowcountry elites and the balance of power shifted.
  • Q4
    How did the invention of the cotton gin impact the economy of SC?
    It caused an overall loss of wealth since the machine was expensive to buy and maintain.
    It limited the areas in which cotton can be grown and reduced income from growing the cash crop.
    It decreased the need for slave labor since harvesting can be done by machine.
    It made it possible to grow more cotton and led to need for more slaves to work on the plantations.
  • Q5
    The shaded portion of this map represents which geographic region of SC?
    Question Image
  • Q6
    What change was in response to the claim that Upcountry citizens had to travel too far to conduct political business and to address legal issues.
    The capital was moved to Columbia from Charleston
    The capital was moved from Charleston to Columbia AND country courts were established
    The capital was moved from Columbia to Charleston
    A system of county courts was established.
  • Q7
    What was the political impact of the cotton gin on SC?
    By expanding the production of cotton throughout the state, slavery spread and tensions over that issue were reduced.
    Upcountry residents despised the new invention, and it inspires many abolitionist speeches and rallies.
    Lowcountry planters became more reliant on slave labor, and it furthered the divide with the Upcountry.
    The cotton gin allowed plantation owners to harvest cotton without slave labor, so legislation abolishing slavery was introduced.
  • Q8
    What was added to the Constitution to appease Anti-Federalists who were unhappy with the amount of power given to the federal government?
    Bill of Rights
    The Judiciary Act of 1789
    Commerce Clause
    3/5 Compromise
  • Q9
    This is a chart that describes the views of the SC politicians who were present at the Constitutional Convention. What best completes the chart?
    Question Image
    Supported a strong federal government
    Supported a one-house legislature.
    Supported a weak federal government
    Supported a 2-year term for the president
  • Q10
    How did the economic culture of SC impact the delegates’ interpretation of the Great Compromise?
    They believed that all states should have equal representation in the federal government regardless of their populations.
    They believed that the entire population of industrialized cities should not be used when calculating representation.
    They believed that slaves should be counted toward population totals when calculating state representation.
    They believed that states should have representation based off of their populations of landowners.
  • Q11
    At the Constitutional Convention, what was the difference between the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan?
    The Virginia Plan called for equal representation, whereas the New Jersey Plan called for representation based off of their population.
    The Virginia Plan called representation based off of their population, whereas the New Jersey Plan called for equal representation.
    They Virginia Plan did not include slaves in determining population, while the New Jersey plan did.
    The Virginia Plan included slaves in determining population, while the New Jersey Plan did not
  • Q12
    Which individual would most likely be a delegate at the Constitutional Convention?
    A middle class shop owner in Charleston
    An independent farmer living in the Upcountry
    A plantation owner from the Lowcountry
    A well-educated black man from Columbia
  • Q13
    This is a list of things SC delegated wanted in the new Constitution. Based on this list, which constitutional plan would the SC delegates support?
    Question Image
    3/5 Compromise
    Commerce and Slave Compromise
    Virginia Plan
    New Jersey Plan
  • Q14
    Which incident reflected tensions similar to those experienced by backcountry farmers and Lowcountry elites in SC and drew attention to the need for a stronger central government?
    Whiskey Rebellion
    Stono Rebellion
    Turner Rebellion
    Shay’s Rebellion
  • Q15
    What were two major results of the Commerce Compromise?
    The federal government would not tax imports or regulate the slave trade for 20 years
    The federal government would not tax imports or regulate the slave trade.
    The federal government would not concern itself with the import of slaves but would tax the sale of them within states.
    The federal government would not regulate commerce at all, but leave that responsibility to the states

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