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Chapter 4 Vocabulary

Quiz by kpatterson

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54 questions
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  • Q1
    suspend, as in a session of congress, until the next session
    adjourn
    30s
  • Q2
    A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
    bicameral
    30s
  • Q3
    lawmakers who vote based on their conscience and judgment, not the views of their constituents; believe that each question they face must be decided on its merits. They call issues as they see them, regardless of the views held by a majority of their constituents or by any of the other groups that seek to influence their decisions.
    trustee
    30s
  • Q4
    members of Congress who cast votes based on the wishes of their constituents; see themselves as the agents of the people who elected them. They believe that they should discover what "the folks back home" think about an issue and vote that way. MOST LEGISLATORS ADHERE TO THIS MODEL
    delegate
    30s
  • Q5
    lawmakers who attempt to balance the basic elements of the trustee, delegate, and partisan roles
    politico
    30s
  • Q6
    lawmakers who owe their first allegiance to their political party and vote according to the party line.
    partisan
    30s
  • Q7
    distributed, as in seats in a legislative body; The Constitution provides that the total number of seats in the House of Representatives shall be apportioned among the States on the basis of their respective populations (Article I, Clause 3)
    apportioned
    30s
  • Q8
    redistribute, as in seats in a legislative body;Article I of the Constitution directs Congress to reapportion the seats in the House every ten years, after each census (Article I, Section 2, Clause 3).
    reapportion
    30s
  • Q9
    electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office; voters in each district elect one of the State's representatives from among a field of candidates running for a seat in the House from that district.
    single-member district
    30s
  • Q10
    election of an officeholder by the voters of an entire governmental unit (e.g. a State or country) rather than by the voters of a district or subdivision.
    at-large
    30s
  • Q11
    the drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group.
    gerrymandering
    30s
  • Q12
    those delegated powers of the National Government that are spelled out, expressly, in the Constitution; also called the "enumerated powers"
    expressed powers
    30s
  • Q13
    those delegated powers of the National Government that are suggested by the expressed powers set out in the Constitution; those "necessary and proper" to carry out the expressed powers
    implied powers
    30s
  • Q14
    those powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the National Government because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community
    inherent powers
    30s
  • Q15
    the final clause of Article 1, Section 8 in the Constitution, which gives Congress the power to make all laws "necessary and proper" for executing its powers; basis of implied powers
    necessary and proper clause
    30s

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