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DIAGNOSTIC EXAMINATION IN DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION (PART 1)

Quiz by YSABEL ANGELA EMBILE

Grade 11-12
Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction
Philippines Curriculum: SHS Core Subjects (MELC)

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60 questions
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  • Q1

    Which refers to the serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic, or environmental losses and impacts which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources?

    readiness

    hazard

    disaster

    vulnerability

    30s
  • Q2

    Which of the following is NOT true about disasters?

    A disaster always receives sustained public and media attention

    A disaster is an event that occurs suddenly and unexpectedly in most cases.

    A disaster may lead to destruction or loss of community property, and/or severe damage to the environment.

    A disaster may cause severe disturbances to people or objects affected by it, that results in loss of life and harm to the health of the population

    30s
  • Q3

    Ms. Selina, a key official in the province of Marquesa that is recently hit by a strong typhoon, seemed to be unwilling to assume her roles and responsibilities in protecting rights and providing basic services to the people in their community. Which risk factor underlying disaster is displayed in such a situation?

    weak governance

    globalized economic development

    environmental degradation

    poverty and inequality

    30s
  • Q4

    Brgy. Hulsan is a community that suffers multiple sorts of flooding every year. In most cases, part of the affected communities are forced to leave their homes and livelihoods to search for better living conditions. As an effect of a disaster, this is as example of _____________.

    food scarcity

    displaced population

    emotional aftershock

    health risks

    30s
  • Q5

    Calamities are phenomena that cause great damage in a community infrastructure, its people and their properties. To avoid the damaging effects of disasters, Engr. Winston ensures that building projects meet the structural safety, fire protection and assures compliance with required building regulations and standards. Which of the perspectives of disaster is closely related to the job of Engr. Winston?

    political factors

    economic factors

    psychological factors

    physical factors

    30s
  • Q6

    Which best describes an economic vulnerability?

    Earth’s natural resources are depleted, and the environment is compromised in the form of pollution in the air, water and soil due to rapid growth in population.

    When flooding occurs some citizens, such as children, elderly and differently-able, may be unable to protect themselves or evacuate, if necessary.

    Poor families may live in squatter settlements because they cannot afford to live in safer areas.

    During an earthquake, wooden homes are less likely to collapse but they are more vulnerable to fire.

    30s
  • Q7

    What does the statement “Vulnerability is hazard specific” mean?

    A community that is vulnerable to earthquake hazard does not necessarily mean that it is also vulnerable to typhoons.

    Vulnerability means to make the community prepared for the possible damaging effect of the hazard.

    Everyone must develop resiliency at home by first identifying the hazards.

    Vulnerability of different towns and provinces differ from one another.

    30s
  • Q8

    Urban areas, especially the cities, have been hit hardest by Covid-19. Why have big cities around the world become coronavirus hotspots?

    because of the increasing number of urban parks and recreational activities

    due to the crowded living conditions, exposed occupations and transport networks

    cities could easily adapt to the challenges in social distancing at work

    insufficient disinfection, cleaning and ventilation at different public and private facilities

    30s
  • Q9

    Which of the following communities is the most vulnerable to hazards?

    Zone 1 with immediate emergency response teams and medical relief infrastructure available

    Libertad West with housing projects for informal settlers not designed to withstand natural hazards

    Purok Saranay with a large portion of population that is unable to evacuate on time

    Sitio Libertad with a better access to the kinds of resources and services

    30s
  • Q10

    Joey, an MDRRMO employee and a resident of the municipality of Silaw, conducts a study about the devastation the residents experience due to their exposure to frequent flooding. His study revealed that exposure in high-hazard areas is climbing. He concluded that if this trend is not reversed, disaster risk is bound to increase. He sought the help of their department head to submit his findings to their municipal mayor. He recommended that the residents should work together to reduce exposure and build capacity and resilience. How can they reduce exposure to hazards?

    through compensation for loss through insurance of other risk financing instruments

    through timely evacuation of residents affected by hazards and providing them their basic needs

    by land use planning accompanied by methods for preventing risks

    by collecting common data sources such as household surveys and structural drawings

    30s
  • Q11

    The ammonia leak at the TP Marcelo Ice Plant and Cold Storage left two people dead and dozens hospitalized in Navotas on February 3, 2021. Which category of man-made hazard such an incident belongs?

    Quasi-natural hazards

    Terrorism/Violence

    Complex humanitarian emergencies

    Technological/industrial disasters

    30s
  • Q12

    In which of the following situations could a physical event become a natural hazard?

    When a super typhoon hits Quituan City which is a highly populated area

    When Brgy. Uno lacks rural health center, water and sanitation services

    When residents along the coastal areas have low storm surge awareness

    When a tsunami hits Idawa Island, an isolated and unpopulated area.

    30s
  • Q13

    Sofia’s teacher made an instruction that they have to draw the scenario that she will dictate to the class. This is the scenario that her teacher dictated.

    "There are ten houses in Sitio Amco. Five of the houses made of medium-built materials are unroofed, some with collapsed walls and extensive damage to doors and windows. Three houses of first-class materials are partially damaged. There are six trees surrounding the houses and the twigs of some trees are broken. The clouds look grey and it’s raining a lot. "

    What can Sofia conclude from drawing the scenario that her teacher dictated?

    There was a typhoon.

    A rescue team is coming.

    There was a tsunami.

    A tropical cyclone is approaching.

    30s
  • Q14

    Every year, millions of people are affected by disasters around the world. The vulnerability of a community depends on multiple factors. How can we reduce damage caused by different kinds of hazards ?

    by responding to immediate emergencies, peace-building processes and addressing inequalities in access to government services

    by reducing exposure to hazards, lessening vulnerability of people and property, and improving preparedness for adverse events

    by building houses that are more likely to withstand earthquakes and other hazards

    by promoting a multi-stakeholder collaboration to develop effectiveness in humanitarian response

    30s
  • Q15

    Natural disasters are traumatic and horrific events that can completely change the course of people’ s lives and can cause Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This disorder falls under which effect of disaster?

    displaced population

    emotional aftershock

    health risks

    food scarcity

    30s

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