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Earth Science


Grade 10
Philippines Curriculum: Grades 1-10

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20 questions
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  • Q1
    The lithosphere is the outermost rigid shell of the Earth. What makes up the lithosphere?
    continental crust
    oceanic crust
    upper mantle
    crust and upper mantle
  • Q2
    The Earth’s crust is subdivided into two regions: the continental crust and the oceanic crust. What kind of rocks made up the continental crust?
  • Q3
    Which of the regions of the mantle has the lowest temperature, pressure and density?
    Upper Mantle
    Middle Mantle
    Lower Mantle
  • Q4
    In which layer of the Earth is the temperature highest?
    outer core
    inner core
  • Q5
    Seismic waves are waves of energy that radiate in all directions from the focus. Which type of waves can only travel through the surface of the Earth?
    electromagnetic waves
    body waves
    surface waves
    mechanical waves
  • Q6
    Scientists gained information about the internal structure of the Earth by studying how seismic waves travel through the Earth. Based from the figure above, which of the following statements is NOT correct?
    Question Image
    S waves are no longer detected after 103ο.
    P waves can travel through liquids and solids.
    S waves do not travel all throughout the Earth’s body.
    S waves can travel in solids and liquids.
  • Q7
    Earthquakes produce different types of seismic waves. Each type moves through materials differently. Which of the following seismic waves reaches a detector first?
    Love wave
    Primary wave (P-wave)
    Rayleigh wave
    Secondary wave (S-wave)
  • Q8
    “There is a core within the core”. The outer core is separated in the inner core due to the difference in density and the state. Who discovered the boundaries between this layer?
    Andrija Mohorovicic
    Beno Gutenberg
    Inge Lehmann
    John William Strutt
  • Q9
    Refer to the figure below. Which of the following types of seismic waves cause the most damage to structures during an earthquake?
    Question Image
    Rayleigh wave
    Primary wave (P-wave)
    Secondary wave (S-wave)
    Love wave
  • Q10
    Which is the most abundant element that can be found on the earth’s crust?
  • Q11
    The inner core is a hot, dense ball with a radius of about 1,300 kilometers. What materials made up the inner core?
    magnesium and oxygen
    iron and nickel
    oxygen and hydrogen
    aluminum and silicon
  • Q12
    The Earth is made of many different and distinct layers. The deeper layers are composed of heavier materials; they are hotter, denser and under much greater pressure than the outer layers. Which of the following is the correct order for the layers of Earth from coolest temperature to warmest temperature?
    inner core, mantle, outer core ,crust
    crust, mantle, outer core , inner core
    outer core, inner core, mantle, crust
    mantle, crust, outer core, inner core
  • Q13
    Which layer of the Earth is responsible in creating Earth’s magnetism?
    inner core
    outer core
  • Q14
    The lithosphere is made up of crust and a part of the upper mantle. Based from the figure below, what layer facilitates the movement of the lithospheric plates?
    Question Image
    continental crust
    sedimentary deposits
    oceanic crust
  • Q15
    Which of the following evidences was NOT use by Wegener to support his idea of continental drift?
    the existence of convection currents
    the similarity of fossils on continental coasts
    mountain ranges on different continents line up when coastlines were matched up
    geological match of rocks on opposing continental coastlines

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