Earth Science Summative #1

QuizÂ by Sara Leigh-Manuell

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18 questions
• Q1
What describes the temperature of the inner core?
It is the same temperature as the outer core.
It is cooler than the crust
It is hotter than the crust
It is colder than the mantle
30s
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• Q2
Which layer of the Earth is the least dense?
The lithosphere
The mantle
The crust
The core
30s
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• Q3
Which layer of the Earth is the most dense?
The crust
The outer core
The inner core
The upper mantle
30s
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• Q4
Where are convection currents found?
In the inner core
In the mantle
In the crust
In the outer core
30s
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• Q5
What is the order of the Earth's layers going from the inside to the outside?
mantle, crust, outer core, inner core
crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
inner core, outer core, mantle, crust
30s
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• Q6
What does the word "density" mean?
How tightly compacted together something is
How hot something is
How deep something is
How thick something is
30s
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• Q7
True or False: Each layer of the Earth is the same thickness.
True
False
30s
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• Q8
True or False: Each layer of the Earth is made up of solid AND liquid.
False
True
30s
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• Q9
True or False: The deeper you go, the hotter the layers get.
True
False
30s
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• Q10
True or False: The deeper you go, the more dense the layers get.
True
False
30s
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• Q11
Explain convection currents.
Magma heats up near the crust. It sinks because it is less dense, then heats back up and rises because it is more dense.
Magma heats up near the core. It rises because it is less dense, then cools and sinks back down because it is more dense.
30s
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• Q12
What layers of Earth make up the lithosphere?
the asthenosphere and inner core
the mantle and inner core
the crust and upper mantle
the crust and outer core
30s
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• Q13
The difference in arrival time between the P and S wave is used to calculate what?
the distance from the epicenter
the strength of the earthquake
the location of the tsunami
the size of the earthquake
30s
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• Q14
The continuous cycle of magma heating, rising, cooling, and sinking is called what?
convention codes
convection currents
convergent boundaries
collaboration zone
30s
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• Q15
What instruments do scientists use to measure earthquakes?
barometer
seismographs
seismologists
30s
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• Q16
How do we know the outer core is a liquid?
we don't know
no waves can travel through the core
P-waves stop when they get to the outer core.
S-waves stop when they get to the outer core
30s
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• Q17
What is the S-P interval on this seismogram?
44 seconds
40 seconds
48 seconds
0 seconds
30s
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• Q18
What is the S-P interval of this seismogram?
53 seconds
60 seconds
56 seconds
52 seconds
30s
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