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EARTH SCIENCE/SECOND QUARTER SUMMATIVE TEST

Quiz by Daisy Velacruz

Grade 11/12
Earth Science
Philippines Curriculum: SHS Core Subjects (MELC)

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includes Teacher and Student dashboards

Measures 13 skills from
Grade 11/12
Earth Science
Philippines Curriculum: SHS Core Subjects (MELC)

S11ES-IIa-22
S11ES-IIb-c-23
S11ES-IIc-25
S11ES-IIc-d-26
S11ES-IId-27
S11ES-IIf-32
S11ES-IIf-33
S11ES-IIg-h-34
S11ES-IIh-35
S11ES-IIh-i-36
S11ES-IIi-37
S11ES-Ii-j-38
S11ES-IIj-39

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40 questions
Show answers
  • Q1

    In which of the following climates will chemical weathering be most rapid?

    Hot and dry

    Hot and humid

    Cold and humid

    Cold and dry

    300s
    S11ES-IIa-22
  • Q2

    Which of the following statements about weathering is FALSE?

    Heat and heavy rainfall increase the rate of chemical weathering.

    Rocks of different compositions weather at different rates.

    The longer a rock is exposed at the surface, the more weathered it becomes.

    The presence of soil slows down the weathering of the underlying bedrock.

    300s
    S11ES-IIa-22
  • Q3

    The map below shows a meandering river. Points A and B are locations on the banks of the river. What are the dominant processes occurring at locations A and B?

    Question Image

    Erosion at both locations A and B

    Deposition at location A, erosion at location B

    Deposition at both locations A and B

    Erosion at location A, deposition at location B

    300s
    S11ES-IIa-22
  • Q4

    Which weathering process is most common in a hot, dry environment?

    Frost action

    Carbonation

    Hydrolysis

    Abrasion

    300s
    S11ES-IIa-22
  • Q5

    Heat flow from Earth’s interior to its surface and atmosphere _________.

    roughly the same everywhere on Earth

    is negligible

    is associated with plate tectonics

    varies randomly from place to place on Earth

    300s
    S11ES-IIb-c-23
  • Q6

    Over time, Earth’s interior is __________.

    heating up

    cooling off

    cooling off during some periods of Earth history and warming up during others

    gaining and losing the same amount of thermal energy each year

    300s
    S11ES-IIb-c-23
  • Q7

    Which of the following is NOT a major process that has contributed to Earth’s internal heat?

    The heat released as iron crystallized to form the inner core.

    The heat from radioactivity of radioactive isotopes of U, Th and K.

    The heat from the sun since the beginning of Earth history.

    The heat released by colliding particles during the formation of the Earth.

    300s
    S11ES-IIb-c-23
  • Q8

    Which of the following locations describes one example of a place where igneous rocks are forming?

    Within the crust below an active volcano

    Everywhere beneath the earth's surface

    In a streambed near a volcano

    On the surface of the sea floor

    300s
    S11ES-IIc-25
  • Q9

    Formation of magma generally begins __________.

    along the surface of a rock body

    at the centers of mineral crystals

    in the center of a rock body

    at the junctions between different mineral grains

    300s
    S11ES-IIc-25
  • Q10

    Which of the following statements best describes magmatic differentiation?

    The process by which the same igneous rock may produce different magma compositions upon melting.

    Heavier crystals float on the top of the magma in the magma chamber producing a layered igneous rock upon complete solidification.

    The process by which the same magma may produce different composition igneous rocks.

    Crystal settling may produce different melting conditions for a rock in different plate tectonic scenarios.

    300s
    S11ES-IIc-25
  • Q11

    Why can studying the mineral assemblage in a metamorphic rock give information about the temperature and pressure conditions under which it formed?

    All rocks formed under the same pressure and temperature conditions have the same mineral composition, regardless of the original parent rock composition.

    As pressure and temperature change, unstable minerals react to form minerals that are stable under the new conditions.

    Minerals formed under high temperature and pressure contain inclusions that preserve the metamorphic history of the rock.

    Some minerals are produced spontaneously under specific temperature and pressure conditions.

    300s
    S11ES-IIc-d-26
  • Q12

    A geologist concludes that a particular metamorphic rock formed at high pressure. Which feature of the rock most likely led to this conclusion?

    Its parent rock contained large sediments.

    It contains dense minerals.

    It was found in close association with intrusive igneous rock.

    Its layers have been pulled and lengthened.

    300s
    S11ES-IIc-d-26
  • Q13

    What happened to the temperature and pressure if the rocks are buried down deep?

    They decrease

    They intermittently change

    They increase

    They remain constant

    300s
    S11ES-IIc-d-26
  • Q14

    The most common stress on rocks at convergent plate boundaries is __________.

    confining

    shearing

    compression     

    tension

    300s
    S11ES-IId-27
  • Q15

    The stress force that causes a mass of rock to pull apart or twist in opposite directions is called__________.

    tension

    shearing

    deformation

    compression

    300s
    S11ES-IId-27

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