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EPS Semester Review-Corrected Version

Quiz by Jennifer Lynn

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36 questions
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  • Q1
    It has been determined that the oldest rocks retrieved from the Moon by Apollo astronauts were formed 4.44 billion years ago, while the oldest rocks found on Earth are less than 4 billion years old. This difference is most likely because
    Earth cooled more slowly than the Moon.
    Earth and the Moon were both captured by the Sun’s gravity at different times.
    Earth formed well after the Moon was formed.
    Earth’s oldest rocks have been recycled by plate tectonics and erosion.
  • Q2
    Which of the following statements best describes how the planets of the solar system formed?
    They formed from a nebular cloud of dust and gas.
    They are condensed rings of matter thrown off by the young Sun.
    The Sun captured them from smaller, older nearby stars.
    They are the remains of an exploded star once paired with the Sun.
  • Q3
    The convergence of two continental plates would produce
    island arcs.
    rift valleys.
    folded mountains.
  • Q4
    Which of the following is most responsible for the formation of new crust at the edge of a tectonic plate?
    magma rising up from the mantle at a divergent boundary
    mountain building at a continent-continent convergent boundary
    subduction of one oceanic
    two tectonic plates sliding past one another at a transform boundary
  • Q5
    Earthquake activity in California is primarily caused by
    the interaction of tides with the coast.
    plates grinding past each other along active faults.
    the lowering of aquifer levels.
    mining activity during the nineteenth century.
  • Q6
    The diagram shows the motion of Earth’s crust. Based on the diagram, what causes the formation of an arc of volcanic islands?
    Question Image
    magma from seafloor-spreading at a divergent plate boundary.
    magma from an earthquake at a transform plate boundary in the ocean
    magma from a subducting plate moving up through oceanic crust.
    magma from an oceanic plate and a continental plate colliding.
  • Q7
    Which two features are commonly found at divergent plate boundaries?
    wide valleys and deltas
    ocean trenches and subduction zones
    hot spots and island arcs
    mid-ocean ridges and rift valleys
  • Q8
    Why do many mountains have cores made of metamorphic rocks?
    Metamorphic rocks are formed by heat and pressure when mountains form.
    Metamorphic rocks are pushed down at divergent boundaries.
    Metamorphic rocks are the only rocks that form underground.
    Metamorphic rocks are the only rocks found in mountains.
  • Q9
    Only about 50% of the solar energy directed toward Earth penetrates directly to the surface. What happens to the rest of the radiation?
    It loses energy traveling through space.
    It is reflected off the Moon and back into space.
    It loses energy overcoming the Sun’s gravity.
    It is absorbed or reflected by the atmosphere.
  • Q10
    Fusion is a form of nuclear reaction resulting in an enormous release of heat energy. The fusion of Hydrogen to Helium is a reaction that commonly occurs in
    the Sun and other typical stars
    a comet’s tail of ionized gases
    the ionosphere and thermosphere
    Earth’s outer core of molten iron
  • Q11
    It is hypothesized that before the formation of the stars, most of the matter in the universe consisted of what atoms?
    nitrogen and carbon
    hydrogen and helium
    silicon and lithium
    uranium and radium
  • Q12
    Scientific evidence suggests that Helium, Carbon, and Oxygen are formed by stars during
    convection inside sunspots.
    the fission of carbon atoms.
    nuclear fusion.
  • Q13
    According to astronomers, the age of the universe is estimated to be
    13.7 billion years
    4.6 billion years
    7.9 billion years
    1.3 billion years
  • Q14
    Light from distant galaxies most likely shows a
    blue shift, indicating that the universe is contracting
    red shift, indicating that the universe is expanding
    blue shift, indicating that the universe is expanding
    red shift, indicating that the universe is contracting
  • Q15
    Galaxies farther from Earth are moving faster than galaxies closer to Earth. Which statement does this evidence best support?
    The universe is made of subatomic particles.
    The universe is becoming more compact.
    The universe is expanding in all directions
    The universe is undergoing chaotic motion.

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