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ES - 7 - Seismic Waves used to determine Earth's Interior

Quiz by Benjamin D Morgan

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25 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    You perform an field study. The question is "How does the depth underground affect the pressure?" Identify the independent variable
    Question Image
    Depth underground
    Pressure at a certain depth
    Temperature at a certain depth
    Number of layers
    30s
  • Q2
    You perform an field study. The question is "How does the depth underground affect the pressure?" Identify the dependent variable
    Question Image
    Depth underground
    Number of layers inside Earth
    Temperature at a certain depth
    Pressure at a certain depth
    30s
  • Q3
    Identify the model and the real system
    Question Image
    The model is the diagram on the left. The real system is the diagram on the right
    The model is the diagram on the right. The real system is the diagram on the left
    30s
  • Q4
    Which describes one process being modeled in the system?
    Question Image
    Secondary waves being able to pass through the inner core
    Primary/Pressure waves not being able to pass through a liquid layer
    Primary waves being able to pass through the air
    Secondary/Shear waves not being able to pass through a liquid layer
    30s
  • Q5
    Where in the system are secondary waves not passing through a liquid?
    Question Image
    The inner core (center circle/layer)
    The crust (outermost layer/circle)
    The mantle (third layer/circle)
    The outer core (second circle/layer)
    30s
  • Q6
    Examine the model of the Earth's interior pictured. Which describes a process of a concept within the model?
    Question Image
    Digging to each layer of the Earth to determine the different layers
    Using seismic waves to determine the interior layers of the Earth
    Using primary waves to determine the liquid layer
    30s
  • Q7
    Where in the system pictured are seismic waves used to determine the layers of Earth's interior
    Question Image
    When each S Wave or P Wave strikes a layer inside Earth's interior a satellite image is sent to a computer
    When each S Wave or P Wave strikes a layer inside Earth it either refracts (slows & bends) OR reflects (bounces off)
    When each S Wave or P Wave strikes the different layers in our atmosphere a temperature increase is seen
    Inside our Earth only the liquid outer core can be determined because these do not allow the P Waves to travel through them
    30s
  • Q8
    P-waves can...
    Question Image
    travel through only liquids
    travel through liquids and solids
    travel through only solids
    30s
  • Q9
    S-waves can travel through
    Question Image
    solids only
    both solids and liquids
    liquids only
    30s
  • Q10
    How many layers of Earth are there?
    Question Image
    5
    6
    3
    4
    30s
  • Q11
    We determine the different layers of Earth's interior by...
    Question Image
    digging/drilling to each layer
    using seismic waves
    using radar from satellites
    30s
  • Q12
    When seismic waves hit a new layer inside Earth they...
    Question Image
    reflect (bounce off) AND refract (go through & bend)
    reflect (bounce off)
    refract (go through & bend)
    transmit (go through)
    30s
  • Q13
    Scientists are able to determine the different layers of Earth's interior because the seismic waves...
    Question Image
    S-waves do not pass through the liquid outer core
    reflect (bounce off) AND refract (go through & bend) giving them different information at different locations
    P-waves do not go through solids
    All answers
    30s
  • Q14
    The innermost layer of Earth is the
    Question Image
    Center
    Core
    Mantle
    Crust
    30s
  • Q15
    The second layer of Earth is called the
    Question Image
    Crust
    Core
    Mantle
    Middle
    30s

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