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Ethics and Ethical Dilemmas

Quiz by Manie Spoelstra

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10 questions
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  • Q1
    Next 3 questions based on this video and the case below: You, a USA citizen, started a factory in Honduras where you produce T-shirts for the USA market. You hold about 30% of the shares while the rest of the shares are held by several individuals tied to the clothing business in the USA. You employ about 500 workers. You supply some major clothing stores in the USA with a few unique brands. You believe that the main purpose of your business in Honduras is to create profit for all shareholders and stay strictly within Honduras laws. Recently, you have been heavily criticized on various media when it became known that you pay workers about $2 per day and some, who work double shifts (totaling 16 hours) up to $4 per day. You explained that that is more than the average rate paid for such work in Honduras and every day a line of unemployed people form up outside your employment office to apply for work. The following three questions are based on the paragraph above: Question 1: The ethical approach is either typical of a naive immoralist, a utilitarian, Kantian, or a Friedman approach.
    Question Image
    Utilitarian
    Kantian
    Naive immoralist
    Friedman
    Video
    300s
  • Q2
    Question 2: What can you do to improve your image in the USA?
    Question Image
    Leave Honduras
    Limit overtime, raise wages slightly, contribute to the quality of life of workers.
    Hire a PRO
    Do nothing
    60s
  • Q3
    Question 3: Should the buyers of the garments in the USA be held responsible too?
    Buyers should ensure that no unethical actions determine the low cost of their wares and make an attempt to help or guide those suppliers.
    They have nothing to do with that
    They should find other suppliers, preferably in the USA
    Their job is, as Friedman stated, to make profits too and stay within USA law.
    60s
  • Q4
    Next 3 questions based on this video and the following info: A family member of the building and safety inspection agency in Kenia told you confidentially that the necessary permits will be granted in two days if you pay a $1000 bribe to the inspector. This implies that your garment factory in Kenia could start to appoint and train the 1000 workers that will be needed. If you do not bribe him/her, you know that it can take up to 9 months for the needed permits to be issued and even a court case on top of it. What will you do? Question 4:
    Question Image
    Refuse to pay the bribe and report this to the Kenyan Government.
    Close your business and go back to the USA
    Make a 'charitable donation' towards a good cause of the inspectors' choice through your lawyer.
    Pay the bribe.
    Video
    300s
  • Q5
    Question 5: If you accept that you have to live by the practice of 'greasing the wheels' to get through bureaucratic processes are endemic and the way that everyone survives in Kenya, you follow which ethical approach?
    Question Image
    Friedman
    The Kantian doctrine
    Cultural Relativism
    An Ethnocentric approach.
    60s
  • Q6
    Question 6: What international bodies act against bribery?
    Question Image
    Transparency International, The World Bank, United Nations, The International Court of Justice.
    The USA Embassy.
    The local police.
    Host country Government.
    60s
  • Q7
    Next 3 questions based on this video and the following info: You are the CEO of one of the major electronic companies in the USA. Your profit after tax in 2019 was about $50 Billion. You are heavily dependent on rechargeable batteries, which you purchase from a Chinese supplier, QMC. Recently you came under heavy criticism from Amnesty International and several other community groups after it was found that QMC buys all their Cobalt (essential in the production of rechargeable batteries from Cobalt mines in the DRC (the Democratic Republic of the Congo). Conditions in the mines are terrible with kids as young as 5 years old, working in the mines, which are mostly dug by hand without any protective equipment. After consulting with your senior managers, you decide to: Question 7: Will you try to find a new supplier?
    Question Image
    No
    Yes
    Video
    300s
  • Q8
    Question 8: So, if you are not going to search for alternative suppliers, what can you do to improve conditions in the Cobalt mines in the DRC?
    Question Image
    Appoint lobbyists to influence lawmakers to lay down strict laws and rules on mining safety of USA company supply chains.
    Make a substantial investment into a charity that is known to help improve the lives of people in the DRC.
    Spend a few $million to build proper housing and schools around the mining area in the DRC, and use your influence to improve safety in the mines.
    Appoint a committee to look into buying the mine and operating it yourself.
    60s
  • Q9
    Question 9: How can you prevent child labor (often the family need the money to survive) in the DRC and still help the family earn a living wage.
    Question Image
    Report this to WHO, UNESCO, and others who can perhaps make a difference.
    Pay incentives to all workers if they do not employ children under 15 years of age.
    Send US workers to do the mining.
    Use all your influence internationally, through the media, and in the DRC
    60s
  • Q10
    Question 10: Which doctrine emphasizes the dignity of your workers as the main objective.
    Question Image
    The Utilitarian doctrine
    Ethnocentric doctrines
    Friedman
    Emmanuel Kant
    60s

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