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Executive and Bureaucracy Quiz

Quiz by Dalynn Robinson

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34 questions
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  • Q1

    In February 2016, President Barack Obama unveiled his budget proposal for the 2017 fiscal year, and it was met with opposition from a Republican-controlled Congress. The budget included a request for $582.7 billion in discretionary defense spending, which many Republicans felt was insufficient. Which of the following statements best describes the dynamic between the president and Congress concerning the defense budget?

    Congress passes a comprehensive federal budget, encompassing defense, but it must take the president's proposal into account since the president can veto the legislation.

    While Congress holds the authority to generate revenue, it must collaborate with the president as the president holds the power to allocate funding to various government departments in the upcoming fiscal year.

    The president can draft a defense budget, but Congress wields the authority to enact laws and manage the government, influencing the actual amount of money spent.

    The president introduces a dedicated budget bill for defense spending, but Congress exercises its legislative oversight authority to establish a negotiation process with the president.

  • Q2

    Which of the following is the initial stage in the policy-making process?

    Agenda setting



    Program evaluation

  • Q3

    In 2012, after negotiations on a bill in Congress failed, President Obama issued an executive order that protected from deportation individuals illegally brought to the United States as children by their parents. The president took this action because

    the president was reacting to a Supreme Court decision that required him to do something to protect these individuals

    the Constitution clearly gives the president control over the legal status of immigrants in the United States

    disagreement between congressional leaders and the president on the issue meant that a compromise on a bill was not likely

    the executive order would require Congress to bring a bill regarding illegal immigration to the floor for a vote

  • Q4

    On September 29, 2020, after the death of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, President Donald Trump, a Republican, nominated Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court. Many Democrats in the Senate feared that the appointment of Barrett would swing the Court in a more ideologically conservative direction and attempted to block her nomination. After a heated Senate confirmation hearing, Barrett was eventually confirmed by a 52 to 48 vote in the Senate. The scenario best highlights which of the following statements about court appointees?

    The confirmation process for Supreme Court nominees is intensified due to the combination of life tenure for appointed justices and the power of judicial review.

    The process for vetting Supreme Court nominations aligns with the merit system applied in selecting members of the bureaucracy.

    Presidents typically urge the Senate to exercise caution and thoroughness in handling judicial appointments to maintain a balance of power within the judiciary.

    Supreme Court nominees often use their confirmation hearings to make contentious statements on crucial policy matters in order to secure confirmation.

  • Q5

    Shortly after the 2008 election, President Obama appointed outspoken and controversial House member Rahm Emanuel to lead his White House as chief of staff, the head of the Executive Office of the President. The selection drew criticism from Republican leaders, including House minority leader John Boehner, who remarked that the selection “is an ironic choice for a president-elect who has promised to change Washington, make politics more civil, and govern from the center.” Which of the following explains how Congress could legitimately respond to the appointment?

    The Rules Committee could refuse to release the bill that made the appointment.

    The House of Representatives could filibuster the nomination.

    The Senate could refuse to confirm the appointment.

    Members of Congress could issue statements opposing the appointment but have no formal power to block it.

  • Q6

    A newly inaugurated president finds themselves in a situation where the Senate is under the control of the opposing political party. Which of the following presidential appointments is expected to encounter the most confirmation challenges in the Senate?

    Chair of the Council of Economic Advisors

    Secretary of defense

    Ambassador to Germany

    Supreme Court justice

  • Q7

    What's the main role of the President in the budget process?

    Submit a budget proposal to Congress

    Negotiate budget with foreign nations

    Appropriating funds for the budget

    Finalize and enact the budget without congressional input

  • Q8

    What is the primary role of Congress in the US Budget Process?

    Write the entire budget

    Vote on the budget and appropriate funds

    Propose the budget to the President

    Monitor expenditures of federal agencies only

  • Q9

    What happens once the budget is passed by Congress?

    It's sent to state governments for final approval

    President signs it into law

    It becomes law immediately

    The Judiciary reviews it

  • Q10

    What term refers to the President’s power to reject a bill?





  • Q11

    What mechanism enables the president to execute policy unilaterally?

    Declaring a national emergency

    Negotiating international treaties

    Issuing executive orders

    Utilizing veto power

  • Q12

    How can a president influence the legislative agenda?

    By declaring a state of emergency

    By vetoing all unwanted bills

    By proposing bills to Congress

    By dissolving Congress

  • Q13

    Which presidential power allows for negotiating foreign policies?

    Executive privilege

    Treaty making power

    War making power

    Power of Recognition

  • Q14

    How can a president implement policies through the federal bureaucracy?

    Through impeachment proceedings

    By appointing key officials

    By issuing pardons

    Via constitutional amendments

  • Q15

    What principle does a U.S. president demonstrate when vetoing a bill?

    Checks and Balances

    Limited Government

    Popular Sovereignty



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