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Force and Motion Study Guide

Quiz by Cheryl McLawhorn

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41 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Leah watches a toy car move across a table at a constant speed. The car moves across the table in one direction and falls off the other side. Leah decides to try another situation. She watches the car move across the table at a constant speed, then when it reaches the other side of the table, her friend Joey pushes the car in the other direction. The car moves back to Leah. Based on Leah's informal experiment, the car changes direction because of _______ force, which happens because _______.
    a balanced; Joey pushes the car
    an unbalanced; Joey pushes the car
    an unbalanced; Leah watches the car
    a balanced; the car moves across the table
    120s
  • Q2
    Melinda and Bart are sitting beside each other in the third car of a roller coaster. From whose reference point are Melinda and Bart moving away from the observer?
    Question Image
    a person standing on the ground in front of the roller coaster
    a person sitting in the first car of the roller coaster
    a person sitting in the last car of the roller coaster
    a person standing on the ground behind the roller coaster
    120s
  • Q3
    Jennifer stands on one side of a filing cabinet and pushes with a force of 60 N. If Nathan wants to help Jennifer demonstrate balanced forces, what does he need to do?
    cause the cabinet to move
    stand on the same side of the cabinet and push with a force of 60 N in the same direction as Jennifer
    stand on the opposite side of the cabinet and push with a force of 60 N toward Jennifer
    stand on the opposite side of the cabinet and push with a force of 120 N toward Jennifer
    120s
  • Q4
    An object travels a given distance at a speed of 5 m/s. If the object travels the same distance at a higher speed, how will the faster speed affect the time it takes the object to travel the distance?
    It will take less time to travel the distance.
    It will take more time to travel the distance.
    The time will not be affected.
    The time will remain constant.
    120s
  • Q5
    A hockey puck slides across an ice rink more easily than it does across a rough concrete surface. Why is this?
    There is more gravity on the ice rink.
    There is less gravity on the ice rink.
    There is more friction on the ice rink
    There is less friction on the ice rink.
    120s
  • Q6
    If the swing set shown above is the reference point, which statement correctly describes the car's motion as it moves from position 1 to position 2?
    Question Image
    The car is approaching, then moving away.
    The car is approaching.
    The car is not moving relative to the swing set.
    The car is moving away
    120s
  • Q7
    _______ measures an object's change in position per unit time.
    Distance
    Force
    Speed
    Acceleration
    120s
  • Q8
    How would the forces on the book best be described?
    Question Image
    The forces on the book are unbalanced
    The forces on the book are balanced
    The forces on the book cause a change in the book's motion.
    The forces on the book do not cancel each other out.
    120s
  • Q9
    The motion of an object can be described by its
    speed
    direction
    all of these
    position
    120s
  • Q10
    A book is sitting on the table at rest. The forces acting on the book include _______, and these forces are _______.
    gravity pushing up and friction pushing to the right; balanced
    gravity pushing up and friction pushing to the right; unbalanced
    gravity pushing down and the table pushing up; unbalanced
    gravity pushing down and the table pushing up; balanced
    120s
  • Q11
    Hannah just finished building a house of cards that stands four stories high. She is worried that it will fall down. Which of the following statements is definitely TRUE?
    Question Image
    If no unbalanced force acts upon the house of cards, then it will remain standing forever.
    If Hannah adds another card to the house of cards, then it will fall down
    A house of cards is too fragile and must fall down eventually.
    As long as nobody touches the house of cards, it will remain standing
    120s
  • Q12
    Look at the rock sitting on the hill in the picture above. Gravity should make the rock slide down the hill. What force is acting to balance gravity, keeping the rock in place?
    Question Image
    centripetal force
    gravity
    friction
    momentum
    120s
  • Q13
    A train is speeding down a railroad track at a speed of 50 miles per hour. From whose reference point is the train not moving?
    Question Image
    a person sitting on the tracks 1 mile in front of the train
    a person sitting on the tracks 1 mile behind the train
    a person standing to the side of the railroad tracks
    a person sitting on the train
    120s
  • Q14
    Barry knocks a baseball into the air with his bat. Shortly after the ball is hit, it is traveling at 25 m/s to the east and parallel to the ground. After two seconds, the ball is 50 meters to the east of Barry. Which of the following best describes the ball's direction of motion?
    Question Image
    East
    2 s
    50 m
    25 m/s
    120s
  • Q15
    If an object is moving at a constant speed in one direction, what is needed to change its speed or direction?
    a long period of time
    a short period of time
    a balanced force
    an unbalanced force
    120s

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