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Forces that Shape the Earth

Quiz by Rylie York

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27 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    There are many forces that shape the Earth’s features. Mr. Peters demonstrates one of those forces for his class by first laying a towel flat on a desk. Then he asks two students to push each end of the towel slowly toward the center. The result of this demonstration is a good model of ----
    glacier formation
    beach erosion
    volcanic activity
    mountain building
    30s
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  • Q2
    Which of the following landforms is most likely caused when two tectonic plates meet and push against each other?
    mid-ocean ridges
    ocean coastlines
    mountain ranges
    caves
    30s
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  • Q3
    In millions of years, what is the age of the rocks that are 5 km away from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge?
    Question Image
    cannot be determined with this chart
    3.5
    4.0
    1.0
    30s
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  • Q4
    The volcanoes that are farther away from Kilauea are _______________.
    Question Image
    younger
    older
    the same age
    30s
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  • Q5
    Where can two plates sliding past each other side by side with little up or down motion be found?
    divergent boundary
    transform boundary
    convergent boundary
    30s
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  • Q6
    The Ring of Fire is a pattern of volcano and earthquake activity that is formed by ----
    sea floor spreading at mid-ocean ridge
    subduction at the plate boundaries
    magma pushing up to form hot spots
    30s
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  • Q7
    The sinking at the edge of one plate below the edge of another is known as ---
    subduction
    radiation
    conduction
    convection
    30s
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  • Q8
    Which boundary forms an ocean basin?
    divergent boundary
    convergent boundary
    transform boundary
    30s
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  • Q9
    What process is forming high non-volcanic mountains at location 1 on the map?
    Question Image
    Two tectonic plates are colliding and one is sliding under the other.
    One tectonic plate is splitting apart into two plates.
    One tectonic plate is sliding past another tectonic plate.
    Two tectonic plates are colliding and pushing together.
    30s
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  • Q10
    What type of boundary is found at location 3 on the map?
    Question Image
    divergent boundary
    convergent boundary
    transform boundary
    30s
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  • Q11
    Which of the following would result from movement at location 3 on the map?
    Question Image
    Hot spots will form
    Mountains will form over millions of years
    Plates move due to a sudden release of pressure, causing an earthquake
    Sea floor spreading
    30s
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  • Q12
    The image above shows a road in an area in which an earthquake recently occurred. What is the best explanation for the damage shown?
    Question Image
    A plate moved sections of the Earth’s crust and caused an earthquake.
    The soil became harder.
    An underground river broke through the ground.
    30s
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  • Q13
    According to the figure at the right, the oceanic crust furthest from the center represents the ---
    Question Image
    oldest ocean floor
    newest ocean floor
    location of hot spots
    30s
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  • Q14
    Plate tectonics cause major geological events such as ---
    volcanoes, mountains, earthquakes
    tornados, hurricanes, earthquakes
    all of the above
    volcanoes, tornados, cold fronts
    30s
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  • Q15
    Which of the following forces MOST LIKELY caused the changes in the mountain that are shown in the pictures?
    Question Image
    glacial erosion
    volcanic eruption
    chemical weathering
    30s
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  • Q16
    How does the divergent movement of two continental plates affect the ocean basin between them?
    The size of the ocean basin decreases.
    The ocean basin does not change.
    The size of the ocean basin increases.
    30s
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  • Q17
    Movement between the Pacific plate and the North American plate create the San Andreas Fault in California. What type of motion is occurring?
    transform
    trench forming
    divergent
    convergent
    30s
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  • Q18
    The Himalayan Mountains were formed when the Indian Plate and the Eurasian Plate ---
    Question Image
    converged
    transformed
    diverged
    subducted
    30s
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  • Q19
    Why do oceanic crusts typically subduct under continental crust when they converge?
    Question Image
    The oceanic crust is less dense.
    The oceanic crust is cooler.
    The oceanic crust is denser.
    The oceanic crust is hotter.
    30s
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  • Q20
    A scientist notes that new volcanoes are forming along the “Ring of Fire.” What inference can the scientist make about the formation of these landforms?
    Question Image
    The volcanoes are in the middle of the plate.
    Earth layers are hotter in the area.
    Tectonic plate boundaries are near.
    The crust is thinner in the area.
    30s
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    Delete

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