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Formation of Fossil Fuels

Quiz by Heather Guerra

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11 questions
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  • Q1
    In addition to long periods of time, all of the following are necessary for the formation of fossil fuels EXCEPT
    intense pressure
    extreme heat
    organic matter
    fresh water
  • Q2
    Coal often forms where once there were swamps. What characteristic of swamps is important to the formation of coal?
    frequent rains
    abundant plant life
    high temperature
    reptile predators
  • Q3
    What changes buried organic matter into fossil fuels?
    Heat and pressure
    volcanic activity
    ocean currents
    industrial pollution
  • Q4
    A student creates a model of the formation of fossil fuels by first placing a layer of leaves, representing organic matter, in the bottom of a cup. What step will come next in the model?
    Putting the leaves in the freezer to model conditions on top of mountains
    Pouring water over the leaves to model washing away by rivers
    Adding sand on top of the leaves to model burial in sediments
    Burning the leaves to model the decay of the organic matter
  • Q5
    Several layers of sedimentary rock are illustrated. They are in the same order as when they first formed. Which layer formed first?
    Question Image
    Rock layer W
    Rock layer X
    Rock Layer Z
    Rock layer Y
  • Q6
    A student made observations of four rock samples. Which of these observations most likely describes a sedimentary rock?
    Sample 1 has bands of light and dark crystals.
    Sample 2 is made up of layers of sand grains cemented together.
    Sample 3 is made up of one huge, pale pink crystal.
    Sample 4 has pink, gray, and white crystals grown together
  • Q7
    All of these are related to the formation of oil or natural gas except -
    active volcanoes
    sedimentary rocks
    decomposed animals
    decayed plants
  • Q8
    How could students best model the formation and movement of dunes?
    Use a spoon to dig a hole in a tray of sand
    Use straws and blow piles of sand
    Pour water over piles of sand
    Slowly drip wet sand into a tub of water
  • Q9
    The finger-like formations in the cave shown to the right are called stalactites and stalagmites. Which process most likely formed these formations?
    Question Image
    Slow cooling of air
    Fast rising of water
    Fast erosion of soil
    Slow deposition of minerals
  • Q10
    Students wanted to model the way erosion by water can create certain landforms. They let water pour, in a thin line, over a salt brick for half an hour. The way in which the brick changed is shown below. Which of the following best describes the real world landform they modeled?
    Question Image
    A river carving out a canyon
    Glacial melt water filling a lake
    Stream deposits creating a delta
    Folding of rock layers building a mountain
  • Q11
    See the map pictured above. The Rio Grande Valley is located at the southern tip of Texas at the end of a long river named the Rio Grande. What is the best explanation for how the delta at the mouth of the Rio Grande formed?
    Question Image
    Hurricanes pushed soil and debris from the Gulf of Mexico onto the land.
    Sand and mud from the Gulf of Mexico were washed ashore by tsunamis.
    The river deposited large amounts of sediment from land erosion.
    The river cut through the solid bedrock of the valley.

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