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Genetic Engineering and Cloning Vocab

Quiz by Heather Frey

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18 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does not have the trait.
    Homozygous
    Clone
    Carrier
    30s
  • Q2
    An organism that is genetically identical to the organism from which it was produced
    Question Image
    Clone
    fraternal twin
    dizygotic twin
    30s
  • Q3
    The protein or enzyme that acts like a pair of molecular scissors, capable of cutting strands of DNA that can be genetically altered.
    CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing
    30s
  • Q4
    Those "non-genetic" factors that are involved in a person's surroundings such as the nature of the person's parents, the person's friends, and the person's behavioral choices.
    genetic factors
    environmental factors
    30s
  • Q5
    twins who develop from two different eggs that were fertilized by two different sperm
    Question Image
    monozygotic twins
    fraternal twins (dizygotic twins)
    clone
    30s
  • Q6
    Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
    Question Image
    genetic engineering
    Pedigree
    Cloning
    GMO
    30s
  • Q7
    An organism that is created when scientists take one or more specific genes from one organism and introduce them into another organism thus creating a new version
    Question Image
    GMO (genetically modified organism)
    30s
  • Q8
    twins who develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in two, creating two genetically identical organisms
    Question Image
    identical twins (monozygotic twins)
    dizygotic twins
    fraternal twins
    GMO
    30s
  • Q9
    Disease caused by an inherited gene
    inherited disease
    Colds
    Flu
    Chicken Pox
    30s
  • Q10
    change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information (This change is NOT done by a scientist to make a new organism)
    Question Image
    GMO
    Mutation
    Transgenic organism
    pedigree
    30s
  • Q11
    A chart or "family tree" that tracks which members of a family have a particular trait
    Question Image
    Pedigree
    Mutation
    Punnett Square
    30s
  • Q12
    the human practice of breeding animals or plants that have certain desired traits
    Question Image
    selective breeding
    30s
  • Q13
    X and Y chromosomes.
    sex chromosomes
    30s
  • Q14
    an organism that contains genes from another species (this was done in a lab by a scientist)
    Question Image
    clone
    mutation
    pedigree
    Transgenic organism
    30s
  • Q15
    gene present on the X, but not the Y chromosome
    fertilized egg
    selective breeding
    X-linked
    Y-linked
    30s

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