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Gilded Age 21

Quiz by Deborah Gonzales

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18 questions
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  • Q1

    What was the main reason for the rapid settlement of the Great Plains during the Gilded Age

    Congress passed a law allowing people to claim public land and convert it toprivate property through the Homesteading Act.

    Speculators bought large parcels of land and then built factory towns to attractnew immigrants.

    Congress passed a law requiring all public lands to be sold at auction.

    Native Americans sold most of their tribal lands directly to railroad companies.

  • Q2

    In what way did the Bessemer process affect economic change in the late 1800s?

    It advanced rubber manufacturing.

    It contributed to the development of the telegraph.

    It facilitated the use of electricity.

    It promoted the mass production of steel.

  • Q3

    By 1900, at least 40% of Americans lived in urban areas, with New York City and Chicago having populations of over one million. This increased urbanization largely resulted in —

    cities that were overcrowded, congested, and polluted

    demands for an end to the power of the political machines

    passage of legislation limiting immigration to urban areas

    philanthropists establishing foundations to help the poor

  • Q4

    Which of the following most accounts for the change in rural and urban populations during the Gilded Age?

    City lifestyles attracted younger generations to migrate to cities.

    Industry and immigration contributed to a steady growth of cities.

    Railroad construction created jobs contributing to growth in rural areas

    Passage of the Homestead Act drew Americans to rural areas.

  • Q5

    Civil Service reform during the Gilded Age was a response to —

    demands from labor leaders that hiring practices needed to change

    protests from Congressional leaders to regulate state governments

    the growth of political machines and corruption of the “spoils system"

    the problems brought about by rapid industrialization and urbanization

  • Q6

    Which word best explains the changes from Americans Indians changing from traditional dress to western dress?





  • Q7

    The process of the Homestead Act led to —

    peaceful resolution of territorial disputes with American Indians

    G the establishment of agricultural communities on the American frontier

    a decline in immigration to urban areas

    federal regulation of agriculture

  • Q8

    Nineteenth-century nativist organizations advocated —

    conserving natural resources through the creation of national parks

    limiting federal military power through the organization of local militias

    promoting an ethnically homogeneous society through restrictions onimmigration

    globalizing the economy through participation in free-trade agreements

  • Q9

    Which benefit resulted from the introduction of the Bessemer steel process?

    Electric lightbulb

    Transistors for radios

    Stronger and cheaper material for railroads and bridges

    Mechanical reapers to replace horse-drawn reapers

  • Q10

    How did the invention the light bulb affect industry?

    Businesses needed to hire skilled workers.

    Products could be manufactured on an assembly line.

    Machines needed to be repaired less frequently.

    Factories could extend working hours.

  • Q11

    How have the shift from farming to factories  affected the physical environment?

    Air pollution levels increased as the government decreased regulations.

    Cities grew in size as previously used farmland was absorbed into urban areas.

    Cropland eroded as farmers used outdated agricultural techniques.

    Water shortages occurred as more people moved to rural areas.

  • Q12

    Poverty, Famine and Political Oppression pushed what group of people to the US that led to the expanding of urban areas?

    Russian Radicals.

    Irish families.


    Native Americans.

  • Q13

    What led the US to pass the Chinese Exclusion Act in the early 1900s?

    The fear in the West of losing jobs to Chinese immigrants

    The lack of available resources in the East to support a large influx of Chinese immigrants

    The recruitment of Chinese immigrants by large labor unions in the Midwest

    The deportation of many Chinese immigrants in the Northwest

  • Q14

    When factory jobs increased to meet production demands, which demographic change in the United States is most associated with this transformation?

    Increased birth rates in rural areas

    Increased life expectancies in urban areas

    Increased property values in rural areas

    Increased migration to urban areas

  • Q15

    What issue contributed most to the need for a permanent sanitation group?

    Decreased regulation of urban rail systems

    Increased urban population

    The establishment of immigration quotas

    The passage of labor laws


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