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Gluteal Region, and Posterior Thigh and Hip Joint

Quiz by OASIS

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11 questions
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  • Q1
    The main blood supply to the hip joint is from the ______________ arising as branches from the circumflex femoral arteries.
    Posterior tibial artery
    Obturator artery
    Artery to the head of the femur
    Retinacular arteries
  • Q2
    Which of the following is not a sign of a congenital dislocation of the hip joint?
    Trendelenburg sign
    Steppage gait
    Inability to abduct thigh
    Affected limb appears shorter
  • Q3
    An elderly patient presents with a fracture of their femoral neck. The patients retinacular arteries have been torn, but the artery associated with the ligament of the femoral head is undamaged and the only functional supply of blood to the femoral head. Which of the following is a possible cause for concern?
    Secondary hypoxic injury
    Bone spurs
    Aseptic vascular necrosis
  • Q4
    A patient presents with gluteal pain that radiates down the buttocks and the leg. The pain is alleviated by stretching the hip capsule anterior and posteriorly. What condition does the patient most likely have?
    Piriformis syndrome
    Gluteus Maximus strain
    Pudendal nerve injury
    Meniscus tear
  • Q5
    At what age should a practitioner expect to find triradiate cartilage in a patient?
  • Q6
    The arteries and nerves leave the pelvis and enter the gluteal region through the __________.
    Gluteal sulcus
    Greater sciatic foramen
    Lesser sciatic foramen
    Lumbosacral joint capsule
  • Q7
    Which of the following conditions may cause a mild abduction of the hips?
    Coxa vara
    Coxa valga
    Genu valgum
    Genu varum
  • Q8
    Which of the following muscles is not part of the hamstrings?
    Short head of biceps femoris
    Long head of biceps femoris
  • Q9
    Which of the following muscles is the chief flexor of the thigh?
    Rectus femoris
  • Q10
    A client whose job requires them to stand for long periods of time and to go up multiple flights of stairs throughout the day is complaining of pain in the lateral thigh region. They point to the pain starting around what you know to be the greater trochanter, but they also note the pain radiates down the lateral thigh to just below their knee. Which condition does the patient most likely have?
    Trochanteric Bursitis
    Iliotibial Band Syndrome
    Ischial Bursitis
    Femoral hernia
  • Q11
    The anterior compartment of the leg is mainly innervated by what nerve?
    Anterior tibial nerve
    Lateral sural cutaneous nerve
    Superficial fibular nerve
    Deep fibular peroneal nerve

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