# GSE Grade 8 Science - S8P2b Potential and Kinetic Energy

Science
Georgia Standards of Excellence

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12 questions
• Q1
Which statement would be the best conclusion regarding the energy in each example below? I. A book sitting on the highest level of a bookshelf II. II. A car parked in a garage III. III. An uncooked slice of bacon. IV. IV. A book falling from the highest shelf
Examples I, II, III are examples of stored energy
Examples II , IV have energy of motion
All examples represent the same kind of energy.
All examples represent kinetic energy.
60s
S8P2b
• Q2
Which statement best represents the energy of the diagram above?
The roller coaster cart's kinetic energy is increasing.
The roller coaster cart's potential energy is equal to its kinetic energy.
The roller coaster cart's kinetic energy is decreasing.
The roller coaster cart's potential energy is decreasing.
60s
S8P2b
• Q3
Which position on roller coaster represents the greatest potential energy?
Position D
Postion C
Postion B
Position A
60s
S8P2b
• Q4
Which of the following examples represents the GREATEST amount of potential energy?
A book being used as a door stop.
Growing bacteria in a test tube.
An airplane ascending to 20,000 feet above the ground
A spring on a spring scale being fully stretched
60s
S8P2b
• Q5
Which positions represents the greatest kinetic energy in the pendulum's swing?
1 only
5 only
2 and 4
3 only
60s
S8P2b
• Q6
Which statement best describes the difference in energy of position A and Position C?
Position A has a greater potential energy than C
Both positions A and C have the same potential energy.
Position A has a lower potential energy than C
None of the above
60s
S8P2b
• Q7
If two planes in the diagram are flying at the same speed, which of these actions would be the best way to increase their kinetic energy?
Planes W and Plane X should descend
None of the above
Plane W should drop to same height as Plane X
Both planes should fly higher
60s
S8P2b
• Q8
Two students are being pulled on a playground swing. Student #1 is pulled back for 30 seconds Student #2 is pulled back for 60 seconds. Which student would have the least potential energy?
The time they are pulled back does not affect their potential energy
Student #2
The time they are pulled back does not affect their kinetic energy.
Student #1
60s
S8P2b
• Q9
Wood burning, water boiling, and a cake baking in the oven are all examples of:
Kinetic energy changing to potential energy
Kinetic energy becoming balanced
Potential energy changing to kinetic energy
60s
S8P2b
• Q10
If archer A pulls his bow for 30 seconds and archer B pulls his bow for 40 seconds, which archer's bow and arrow has stored the greatest amount of Potential energy?
Neither action will produce potential energy
Archer A
Both Archers will have equal potential energy
Archer B
60s
S8P2b
• Q11
Which position would the potential and kinetic energy of the rock would be equal?
Position B
Position C
Position A
Position E
60s
S8P2b
• Q12
Describe the change in potential energy of the rock as the man travels up the hill.
The kinetic energy does not change as he travels up the hill.
The potential energy increases.
None of the above.
The potential energy decreases.
60s
S8P2b

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