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HBS: Nephron

Quiz by Lori Richardson

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14 questions
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  • Q1
    The cup-like sac that encloses the glomerulus. It filters the blood so that red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and large blood proteins do not enter the filtrate.
    Bowman's Capsule
  • Q2
    Brings the "dirty blood" into the renal corpuscle.
    Afferent Arteriole
  • Q3
    It carries the "clean" blood away from the renal corpuscle.
    Efferent Arteriole
  • Q4
    A tuft of capillaries that is enclosed within the Bowman's capsule.
  • Q5
    Takes the "dirty" blood from the abdominal aorta to the kidneys.
    Renal Artery
  • Q6
    Collects the "clean" blood from the kidney and delivers
    Renal Vein
  • Q7
    The water in the filtrate is osmotically drawn out of this structure.
    Descending Loop of Henle
  • Q8
    This structure is responsible for 35% to 40% of the water absorption.
    Loop of Henle
  • Q9
    The portion of the nephron that comes after the Bowman's capsule and leads to the loop of Henle
    Proximal Convoluted Tubule
  • Q10
    The part of the nephron tubule that comes after the loop of Henle and before the collecting duct.
    Distal Convoluted Tubule
  • Q11
    Collects the filtrate from several nephrons and moves it to the calyces
    Collecting Duct
  • Q12
    Surround the nephron tubule and allow for the exchange of substances between the filtrate of the tubule and the blood of the capillaries
    Peritubular Capillaries
  • Q13
    Actively pumps out Na+ into the interstitial fluid causing a salty medulla to form
    Ascending Loop of Henle
  • Q14
    The section of the peritubular capillaries that surrounds the loop of Henle
    Vasa Recta

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