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Hypothalamus

Quiz by OASIS

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21 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Nuclei in this area of the hypothalamus regulate the release of anterior pituitary hormones
    Infundibular stalk
    Tuber cinereum
    Hypophysis
    Mammillary bodies
    30s
  • Q2
    Which of the following statements is NOT associated with the rostromedial area of the hypothalamus
    It is associated with conservation of energy
    Stimulation of this area produces increased parasympathetic visceromotor activity
    Lesions of this area produce increased passive behavior, increased satiety, and decreased body temperature
    Sweating is activated by this region
    30s
  • Q3
    The system of the hypothalamus that has neurons that produce releasing factors that cause the release of hormones is
    Magnocellular neurosecretory system
    Supraopticohypophysial system
    Tuberoinfundibular system
    Associated with the posterior lobe of the pituitary
    30s
  • Q4
    The arcuate nucleus of the tuberoinfundibular tract releases which of the following regulatory peptides
    Thyrotropin releasing hormone
    Dopamine
    Corticotropin releasing hormone
    Gonadotropin releasing hormone
    30s
  • Q5
    Stimulation of this area of the hypothalamus promotes feeding behavior
    Lateral hypothalamic nuclear zone
    Medial preoptic nucleus
    Mammillary region
    Ventromedial nucleus
    30s
  • Q6
    Which of the following is FALSE regarding the hypothalamic pathways?
    Descending pathways to the brainstem and spinal cord are responsible of the expression of autonomic responses
    Hypothalamospinal axons are under sympathetic control.
    Hypothalamomedullary axons are primarily sympathetic
    Hypothalamomedullary axons innervate the medulla
    30s
  • Q7
    Fluid and blood pressure balance are brainstem reflexes regulated under direct neural connections as well as hormonal connections with the hypothalamus
    TRUE
    FALSE
    30s
  • Q8
    Which is a function of the hypothalamus?
    All of the above
    Temperature regulation
    Circadium rhythms
    Memory
    30s
  • Q9
    Which hormone is released by adipocytes and acts directly on the hypothalamus?
    Vasopressin
    Oxytocin
    Leptin
    B-endorphin
    30s
  • Q10
    Peptides that decrease metabolism and increase feeding behaviors are released by activation of neurons in which region
    Medial mammillary nucleus
    Paraventricular nucleus
    Ventromedial nucleus
    Arcuate nucleus
    30s
  • Q11
    Select the structure that is responsible for the regulation of the release of anterior pituitary hormones.
    Hippocampus
    Infundibular Stalk
    Mammillary Bodies
    Tuber Cinereum
    30s
  • Q12
    What is the medial boundary of the hypothalamus?
    Lamina terminalis
    Hypothalamic sulcus
    Third ventricle
    Substantia innominata
    30s
  • Q13
    Blockage of what structure may lead to an overall decline in the function of the parvocellular neurosecretory system?
    Mammillary Bodies
    Infundibulum
    Suparopticohypophysial tract
    Hypophysial portal system
    30s
  • Q14
    Which tuberoinfundibular tract nuclei is sexually dimorphic and synthesizes gonadotropin releasing hormone?
    Arcuate Nucleus
    Medial Preoptic Area
    Lateral Hypothalamic Zone
    Paraventricular Nucleus
    30s
  • Q15
    As a stressed student you eat to relieve the suffering of graduate school, and as you consume your pain through a bag of Oreos you recognize which area of the hypothalamus may be a key contributor to this habit?
    Ventromedial Nucleus
    Lateral Hypothalamic Zone
    Paraventricular Nucleus
    Medial Preoptic Area
    30s

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