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Laws of Thermodynamics

Quiz by Garrett Dyer

Grade 11
Science (2010)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

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17 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    At absolute zero, all substances would be in the _____________ phase.
    Plasma
    Gas
    Liquid
    Solid
    60s
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  • Q2
    Absolute zero is equal to zero in the _______________ temperature scale.
    Kelvin
    Fahrenheit
    Digital
    Celsius
    60s
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  • Q3
    State whether the process is accompanied by an increase or decrease in entropy for the system: A brand new deck of cards is shuffled.
    Entropy Decreases
    No Change
    Entropy Increases
    60s
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  • Q4
    State whether the process is accompanied by an increase or decrease in entropy for the system: Dew condenses on a leaf.
    Entropy Increases
    No Change
    Entropy Decreases
    60s
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  • Q5
    State whether the process is accompanied by an increase or decrease in entropy for the system: A porcelain vase shatters on the ground.
    No Change
    Entropy Increases
    Entropy Decreases
    60s
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  • Q6
    Select the law of thermodynamics that best represents the following situation: Thermal energy is transferred from a warmer object to a colder object which are in contact with each other. Eventually, after some amount of time, both objects have the same thermal energy (temperature).
    1st Law - Conservation of Energy
    2nd Law - Law of Entropy
    Zeroth Law - Equilibrium Principle
    3rd Law - Temperature Principle
    60s
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  • Q7
    Select the law of thermodynamics that best represents the following situation: The chemical potential energy in fuel is used to increase a car's kinetic energy.
    2nd Law - Law of Entropy
    Zeroth Law - Equilibrium Principle
    3rd Law - Temperature Principle
    1st Law - Conservation of Energy
    60s
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  • Q8
    Select the law of thermodynamics that best represents the following situation: Water vapor in a cloud condensed into a liquid and froze into ice crystals.
    2nd Law - Law of Entropy
    1st Law - Conservation of Energy
    3rd Law - Temperature Principle
    Zeroth Law - Equilibrium Principle
    60s
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  • Q9
    Select the law of thermodynamics that best represents the following situation: An open box of books fell over and all of the books fell out of the box randomly onto the floor.
    1st Law - Conservation of Energy
    Zeroth Law - Equilibrium Principle
    3rd Law - Temperature Principle
    2nd Law - Law of Entropy
    60s
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  • Q10
    What is the temperature at which kinetic energy and entropy for all atomic motion stops?
    -273.15 K or 0 C
    0 F or -273.15 K
    0 C or -273.15 F
    0 k or -273.15 C
    60s
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  • Q11
    Which of the following describes a system in thermal equilibrium?
    A hot object and a cold object are in contact with each other.
    An object is heating up due to a nearby fireplace.
    Two objects of exactly the same temperature are in contact with each other - heat can transfer freely between them, but no heat transfer is happening.
    Two objects of exactly the same temperature have an impenetrable heat barrier between them.
    60s
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  • Q12
    By what mechanism do two objects of different temperatures reach thermal equilibrium?
    Heat spontaneously transfers from one place to another, regardless of temperature.
    None of the answers are correct; the objects never reach thermal equilibrium.
    Faster moving molecules in the hotter object hit the slower moving molecules in the colder object, until the heat has fully equalized.
    Faster moving molecules in the colder object hit the slower moving molecules in the hotter object, until heat has fully equalized.
    60s
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  • Q13
    What will eventually be the equilibrium temperature for both systems?
    Question Image
    10 C
    20 C
    30 C
    15 C
    60s
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  • Q14
    What is the definition of thermodynamics?
    The study of the relationship between heat, work, and energy.
    The energy available to do work.
    The amount of heat it takes to move an engine.
    The movement of heat.
    60s
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  • Q15
    What is temperature?
    The measure of the average kinetic energy of particles in an object.
    Total energy in an object.
    The measure of the average potential energy of particles in an object.
    The measure of the kinetic energy of particles in an object.
    60s
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  • Q16
    A substance with a high specific heat:
    Requires a lot of energy to become hot.
    Is heavy.
    Is always extremely hot.
    Does not require a lot of energy to become hot.
    60s
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  • Q17
    Which phase of matter has the most entropy?
    Semi-Solid
    Liquid
    Gas
    Solid
    60s
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