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Look At This Review Closely

Quiz by Robert Kolenz

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32 questions
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  • Q1
    John Locke and Voltaire were two important Enlightenment thinkers. Read the quotes by each thinker… We must consider, what state all men are naturally in, and that is, a state of perfect freedom to order their actions, and dispose of their possessions, as they think fit, within the bounds of the laws of nature… … When the government is dissolved, the people are at liberty to provide for themselves by creating a new legislative, for the society can never lose the right it has to preserve itself. … — John Locke, Second Treatise on Government, 1690 Based on the source above, a historian could develop which thesis about Locke's view of liberty and government?
    People are born free and have the right to create their own government.
    According to the laws of nature, governments can only dissolve themselves.
    The laws of nature conflict with people's individual liberties.
    Societies lose the right to preserve themselves if they disolve the government.
    120s
  • Q2
    John Locke and Voltaire were two important Enlightenment thinkers. Read the quotes by each thinker… We must consider, what state all men are naturally in, and that is, a state of perfect freedom to order their actions, and dispose of their possessions, as they think fit, within the bounds of the laws of nature… … When the government is dissolved, the people are at liberty to provide for themselves by creating a new legislative, for the society can never lose the right it has to preserve itself. … — John Locke, Second Treatise on Government, 1690 Take a view of the Royal Exchange in London… where the representatives of all nations meet for the benefit of mankind. There the Jew, the Muslim, and the Christian transact together as though they all professed the same religion. If only one religion were allowed in England, the government would possibly become arbitrary. If there were but two, the people would cut one another’s throats. But as there is a multitude, they all live happy and in peace. — Voltaire, Letters Concerning the English Nation, 1726 Based on the sources above, what does Voltaire's thesis have in common with Locke's thesis?
    Locke and Voltaire supported powerful absolute monarchies.
    Locke and Voltaire believed only religious leaders belong in government.
    Locke and Voltaire wanted to violate the laws of nature to create a better society.
    Locke and Voltaire placed great emphasis on individual freedom.
    120s
  • Q3
    Why would Locke and Voltaire be considered credible sources about Enlightenment ideas?
    The quotes are free of bias.
    The quotes were published in a book.
    Locke and Voltaire were important Enlightenment thinkers.
    Locke and Voltaire used statistics to support their thesis.
    120s
  • Q4
    The Enlightenment ideas of Locke and Voltaire encouraged people to...
    Engage in revolutions to establish democratic governments.
    Look for leaders who would exercise total control.
    Call for churches to create theocracies.
    Remain firm in their support of absolute monarchs.
    120s
  • Q5
    What action by the leaders of the French Revolution demonstrates that they were influenced by the Enlightenment ideas?
    They fought to maintain France's colonial empire.
    They drafted constitutional protections of individual rights.
    They supported the conquests of Napoleon.
    They combined church and state.
    120s
  • Q6
    In 1832, the British Parliament appointed a committee to investigate conditions in textile factories. The excerpt below is from the testimony of Elizabeth Bentley. What age are you? Twenty-three. What time did you begin to work at a factory? When I was six years old. What were your hours of working in that mill? From 5 in the morning till 9 at night. What time was allowed for your meals? Forty minutes at noon. Had you any time to get your breakfast or drinking? No, we got it as we could. What was your business in that mill? I was a little doffer. Explain what it is you had to do. When the frames are full, we have to stop the frames, and take the flyers off, and take the fullbobbins off, and carry them to the roller; and then put empty ones on, and set the frame going again. Do you consider doffing laborious [hard] work? Yes. Does that keep you constantly on your feet? Yes, there are so many frames, and they run so quick. Suppose you flagged [slowed down] a little, or were too late, what would they do? Strap [whip] us. Are they in the habit of strapping those who are last in doffing? Yes. Constantly? Yes. Girls as well as boys? Yes. Have you ever been strapped? Yes. In 1877, the Labor Standard magazine described a breaker room at a Pennsylvania coal mine, where “breaker boys” separated slate from coal. These little fellows go to work in this cold dreary room at seven o'clock in the morning and work till it is too dark to see any longer. For this they get $1 to $3 a week. Not three boys in this roomful could read or write. Shut in from everything that is pleasant, with no chance to learn ... grinding their little lives away in this dusty room, they are no more than the wire screens that separate the great lumps of coal from the small. They had no games; when their day’s work is done, they are too tired for that. They know nothing but the difference between slate and coal. Which thesis could be supported using evidence from the sources above?
    Industrialization was especially harmful for children, who were subjected to long hours, harsh discipline, and low wages.
    The standard of living for people in industrialized countries improve greatly during the Industrial Revolution.
    In addition to power technology, the late 19th century brought improvements in transportation through the steam engine.
    Industrialization contributed to rapid urbanization in the second half of the 19th century.
    120s
  • Q7
    The sources you just read could be considered credible sources of information if the claims....
    Are based on unstated assumptions.
    Rely on the use of stereotypes..
    Are presented in a manner that is clear and easy to understand.
    Are consistent with other credible sources of information.
    120s
  • Q8
    What political changes resulted from the accounts like those in the sources above?
    A ban on collective bargaining and labor unions.
    The passage of laws that limited work hours for children.
    The transition to a representative democracy.
    The development of a lassiez-faire economic policy.
    120s
  • Q9
    What trend is shown in the table above?
    Question Image
    An increase in urbanization.
    An increase in rural population density.
    An increase in emigration from Europe.
    An increase in demand for handcrafted goods.
    120s
  • Q10
    What was one negative effect of the trend shown in the table of above?
    Question Image
    Labor shortages resulting from a decreased population.
    Higher prices for agricultural products.
    A shift from a free market system to command economies.
    Spread of diseases due to unsanitary conditions.
    120s
  • Q11
    I contend that we are the finest race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race. . . What an alteration there would be if they [Africans] were brought under Anglo-Saxon influence. Why should we not form a secret society with but one goal, the furtherance of the British Empire and the bringing of the whole uncivilized world under British rule? — Cecil Rhodes, Confessions of Faith, 1877 What historical development is referenced in the quote and map above?
    Question Image
    Restoring the rule of monarchs
    Lassiez-Faire economics
    Isolationist foreign policy.
    Imperialist expansion.
    120s
  • Q12
    I contend that we are the finest race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race. . . What an alteration there would be if they [Africans] were brought under Anglo-Saxon influence. Why should we not form a secret society with but one goal, the furtherance of the British Empire and the bringing of the whole uncivilized world under British rule? — Cecil Rhodes, Confessions of Faith, 1877 The quote by Cecil Rhodes can be described as?
    A biased criticism of European imperialism.
    A biased belief in the racial superiority of the British.
    A biased criticism of industrial capitalism.
    A biased belief in the racial superiority of Africans.
    120s
  • Q13
    What was one consequence of European imperialism?
    African leaders lost control of their land and independence.
    Most countries in Africa became highly industrialized.
    The practice of Christianity became less common throughout Africa.
    Britain and France fought each other for control of Africa during WWI.
    120s
  • Q14
    Militarist and entangling alliances were two cause of WWI. Which of the following is another cause of WWI?
    Struggle for nationhood in the Middle East.
    European Imperialism.
    Formation of NATO
    Rise of Nazism.
    120s
  • Q15
    Militarism, Imperialism and Entangling Alliances caused which Event?
    Rise of Nazism
    European Imperialism
    World War I
    Formation of NATO
    120s

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