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Meiosis Multiple Choice Quiz

Quiz by Kelly Scott

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15 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Which process involves the division of a diploid cell into four haploid cells?
    Sexual reproduction
    Asexual reproduction
  • Q2
    Which of the following is true about meiosis?
    It results in four diploid cells
    It involves two rounds of cell division
    It produces only diploid cells
    It occurs only in gametes
  • Q3
    Which of the following is true about the crossing over event in meiosis?
    It only occurs in somatic cells
    It reduces the number of chromosomes
    It results in the formation of identical daughter cells
    It increases genetic diversity
  • Q4
    During which phase of meiosis does crossing over occur?
    Anaphase II
    Telophase I
    Metaphase II
    Prophase I
  • Q5
    Which of the following represents the correct order of meiotic phases?
    Prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, Telophase I, Prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II, Telophase II
    Telophase I, Anaphase I, Metaphase I, Prophase I, Prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II, Telophase II
    Prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II, Telophase II, Prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, Telophase I
    Prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, Telophase I, Telophase II, Anaphase II, Metaphase II, Prophase II
  • Q6
    During meiosis, homologous chromosomes pair up and exchange genetic material. What is this process called?
    Crossing over
  • Q7
    What is the main purpose of meiosis?
    Asexual reproduction
    DNA replication
    Growth and repair of body tissues
    Production of gametes
    Maintenance of chromosome number
  • Q8
    What is the term used to describe the random separation of homologous chromosomes during meiosis?
    Homologous recombination
    Independent assortment
    Chromatid separation
    Chromosomal replication
  • Q9
    What is the main difference between meiosis I and meiosis II?
    Meiosis I involves two rounds of cell division, while meiosis II involves one
    Crossing over occurs in meiosis I, but not in meiosis II
    Meiosis I produces diploid cells, while meiosis II produces haploid cells
    Meiosis II produces genetically identical daughter cells, while meiosis I produces genetically diverse daughter cells
  • Q10
    Which phase of meiosis is responsible for the separation of homologous chromosomes?
    Metaphase I
    Telophase I
    Anaphase I
    Prophase I
  • Q11
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of meiosis?
    Two rounds of cell division
    Reduction in chromosome number
    Crossing over
    Production of identical daughter cells
  • Q12
    Where does meiosis occur in the human body?
    Gonads (testes in males, ovaries in females)
  • Q13
    What is the purpose of the second round of meiosis?
    To produce identical daughter cells.
    To separate sister chromatids.
    To increase the genetic diversity within a population.
    To repair damaged cells.
    To produce energy for the cell.
  • Q14
    Which phase of meiosis is characterized by the alignment of homologous pairs in the center of the cell?
    Anaphase I
    Prophase I
    Metaphase I
    Metaphase II
    Telophase I
  • Q15
    Which of the following best describes the purpose of meiosis in organisms?
    To generate genetic variation and produce haploid gametes.
    To repair damaged DNA and increase the number of chromosomes.
    To generate genetic clones and increase the number of cells.
    To produce diploid cells and ensure genetic stability.

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