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Module 2 Study Guide

Quiz by Tiffany Cottrell

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36 questions
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  • Q1

    One problem with finding an appropriate definition of crime is that:

    crime should be defined only by the presence of physical injury to another person.

    most behaviors that are defined as criminal are actually “victimless crimes.”

    too many behaviors exist that could be defined as crimes.

    many dangerous and harmful behaviors are not defined as crimes, while many less dangerous and less harmful behaviors are.

    30s
  • Q2

    A typical ____ definition of crime is “behavior that violates the norms of society.”

    criminological

    social

    legal

    psychological

    30s
  • Q3

    A(n) ____ is any standard or rule regarding what human beings should or should not think, say, or do under given circumstances.

    norm

    ethic

    moral

    law

    30s
  • Q4

    A typical ____ definition of crime is “an intentional violation of the criminal law or penal code, committed without defense or excuse and penalized by the state.”

    legal

    criminal

    psychological

    social

    30s
  • Q5

    The term ____ refers to criminal conduct—specifically, intentional or criminally negligent action or inaction that causes harm.

    mens rea

    actus reus

    ex post facto

    concurrence

    30s
  • Q6

    If a person does not want to commit a crime but is forced to do so against his or her will, he or she committed the crime:

    in defense of a third party

    in entrapment

    in self-defense

    under duress

    30s
  • Q7

    Most legal excuses for criminal responsibility are based on the belief that certain offenders lack the capacity or competence or have diminished capacity or competence to form:

    legality

    actus rea

    mens rea

    mala prohibita

    30s
  • Q8

    When an individual commits a crime and claims that he or she committed it under duress, on whom is the burden of proof?

    the offender

    the judge

    the victim

    the state

    30s
  • Q9

    In most American jurisdictions, the upper age limit for juvenile delinquency is ____, and the lower limit is usually ____.

    16; 12

    16; 7

    18; 12

    18; 7

    30s
  • Q10

    Perhaps the most important problem with the M'Naghten rule is that:

    the substantial-capacity test of the American Law Institute's Model Penal Code is identical.

    it does not address the situation of a defendant who knew the difference between right and wrong but nevertheless was unable to control his or her actions.

    it does not distinguish reliably between behavior that is uncontrollable and behavior that is simply uncontrolled.

    the irresistible-impulse or control test is generally considered outdated.

    30s
  • Q11

    People are generally considered either not responsible or less responsible for their crimes if they are:

    all of the above

    entrapped.

    coerced to commit a criminal act.

    forced to commit a criminal act.

    30s
  • Q12

    What is the Latin term for crimes that are "wrong in themselves"; crimes characterized by universality and timelessness?

    mala prohibita

    mala au gratin

    mala in se

    crimenindividualis

    30s
  • Q13

    Which of the following is a reason why victims fail to report crimes?

    may consider the crime insignificant and not worth reporting

    all of the above

    may be intimidated by or afraid of the offender

    may hope to avoid embarrassing the offender

    30s
  • Q14

    Crimes that are NOT officially recorded by the police are called:

    crime rates

    the dark figure of crime

    a crime index

    the true amount of crime

    30s
  • Q15

    Any record of crimes—such as offenses known to the police, arrests, convictions, or commitments to prison—can be considered a ____, or an estimate of crimes committed.

    dark figure of crime

    crime index

    crime rate

    true amount of crime

    30s

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