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MWH - Unit 1 Test Review Guide

Quiz by Garry Hagedorn

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35 questions
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  • Q1
    In Europe, a major characteristic of humanism was
    c. an emphasis on social control and obedience to national rulers
    b. a rejection of ancient civilizations and their cultures
    a. a belief in the supremacy of the state in relation to individual rights
    an appreciation for the basic worth of individual achievement
  • Q2
    Which statement best describes a characteristic of the Renaissance in Europe?
    the social structure became very rigid
    the political structure was similar to that of the Roman Empire
    creativity in the arts was encouraged
    humanism decreased in importance
  • Q3
    “Europe is waking out of a long, deep sleep…time was when learning was only found in the religious orders…learning has passed to secular princes and peers.” This quotation best describes the:
    decline of the Roman Empire
    rise of Christianity
  • Q4
    Which statement describes a direct effect of the Renaissance on Western Europe?
    c. nationalistic movements among the minority ethnic groups in the region declines
    the philosophy of humanism brought about a decrease in the power of the Roman Catholic Church
    d. the feudal system was developed to provide stability in a decentralized political structure
    b. art began to reflect an increased emphasis on religious themes
  • Q5
    Which statement best describes a change that occurred during both the Renaissance and the Enlightenment?
    a new questioning spirit and attitude emerged
    feudalism became the dominant political system
    c. technology and science were considered unimportant
    the use of reason and logic were discouraged
  • Q6
    One factor that enabled the Renaissance to flourish in Northern Italy was that the region had
    a wealthy class that invested in the arts
    a socialist form of government
    a shrinking middle class
    limited contact with the Byzantine Empire
  • Q7
    Which societal condition was basic to the development of Greek philosophy and Renaissance art?
    rigid social classes
    religious uniformity
    mass education
    emphasis on individualism
  • Q8
    Which characteristic was common to the Golden Age of Greece and the Italian Renaissance?
    prosperity led to the creation of many works of art
    political instability led directly to the formation of unified nation-states
    written constitutions led to the establishment of democratic governments
    a strong military led to national unity
  • Q9
    Which statement concerning the Renaissance in Europe is based on opinion rather than on fact?
    The art of the Northern Renaissance was superior to that of the Italian Renaissance.
    Art reflected the ideas of humanism and individualism.
    Literature began to appear in languages other than Latin.
    Art produced during the Renaissance had religious as well as secular themes.
  • Q10
    Martin Luther’s Ninety-Five Theses were a call for
    greater papal authority
    reforms within the Roman Catholic Church
    crusades to spread Christianity
    religious revolt against the German princes
  • Q11
    In Western Europe, a major immediate effect of the Reformation was a
    decline in religious unity and in the power of the Catholic Church
    greater tolerance of religions other than Christianity
    renewed domination of the Catholic Church over the German states
    decrease in educational opportunities for the middle class
  • Q12
    During the Renaissance, which development contributed most to the Protestant Reformation?
    interest in Ancient Greece and Rome
    advances in mathematics and science
    questioning of traditional authority
    attention to realism and detail
  • Q13
    Which was a result of the Protestant Reformation in Europe?
    the power of the Catholic Church in Europe was weakened
    Spain became a predominantly Protestant nation
    Catholic Church leaders refused to make any changes in church practices
    the Catholic Church accepted the dominance of the new Protestant religions in Italy, France, and Germany
  • Q14
    The Protestant Reformation and the European Renaissance were similar in that both
    discouraged the growth of strong monarchs
    supported the return of the Roman Empire
    were led by the military
    encouraged people to question tradition
  • Q15
    “Christians should be taught that he who gives to a poor man or lends to a needy man does better than if he used the money to buy an indulgence.” Which major movement in European history started with the idea expressed in this statement?
    Commercial Revolution
    Protestant Reformation
    Industrial Revolution

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