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NCSCOS 7.E.1.5 Winds

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Grade 7
North Carolina Standard Course of Study

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Grade 7
North Carolina Standard Course of Study


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10 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    A strong wind from the north blows in a straight south direction. However, to an observer, the wind APPEARS to be moving to the southwest. What accounts for this shift in wind direction?
    the earth revolving around the sun
    the rotation of Earth beneath the layer of air
    the ozone layer focusing solar energy, causing the wind to shift
    the local mountains pushing the wind to the side as it moves through the state
  • Q2
    When visiting the beach, Felicity observed that a breeze blew in FROM the ocean during the day and out toward the ocean at night. Which factor is MOST responsible for the direction of land and sea breezes in coastal regions?
    the uneven heating between the land and water
    the gravitational pull of Earth on the atmosphere
    the revolution of Earth around the Sun
    the daily rise and fall of tides in a regular pattern
  • Q3
    The graph shows the average monthly temperatures in Vancouver and Winnipeg, Canada. Which is the BEST interpretation of the data in the graph? Read this graph carefully!
    Question Image
    Temperatures in Vancouver stay constant throughout the year.
    Temperatures in Winnipeg fluctuate (that means change a lot) unpredictably (without warning)
    Summers in Winnipeg have MUCH higher temperatures than summers in Vancouver.
    The annual range of temperatures for Winnipeg has greater variation than the annual range for Vancouver.
  • Q4
    Which of the following are narrow belts of strong winds found in the upper troposphere?
    trade winds
    jet streams
  • Q5
    Which is responsible for creating wind?
    solar energy
    wave action
    gravitational force
    trees blowing
  • Q6
    Which of these BEST explains the cause of convection currents in Earth’s atmosphere?
    Glaciers moving away from the poles cool Earth unevenly.
    Heat from Earth’s core heats the land only at the equator.
    Sunlight is more concentrated (stronger) in some places on Earth than others.
    The light and heat reflected from the Moon varies as the Moon changes phases.
  • Q7
    Which of these MOST likely causes winds to blow on Earth? (THINK)
    The Earth spins QUICKLY causing the air to blow around.
    Ocean waves push air onto the shore and across Earth’s surface.
    Warm air rises and cool air falls toward Earth’s surface.
    The gravity of Earth and the Moon push and pull the air.
  • Q8
    When air is heated, it will MOST likely
    expand and rise.
    condense and rise.
    expand and fall.
    condense and fall.
  • Q9
    Hurricanes are large, powerful storms that form as they travel over warm ocean waters. What do OCEANS add to make hurricanes so strong?
    wind and tides
    heat and moisture
    salt and water
    waves and flooding
  • Q10
    A mass of air under high pressure travels southward from the polar area toward the equator. How will Earth’s rotation MOST likely affect this air mass? (THINK)
    The air mass will mix with a low-pressure system.
    The air mass will appear to turn and move in a westerly direction.
    The air mass will reverse direction and travel back to the pole.
    The air mass will experience increased pressure.

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