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Quiz by Amie Harris

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20 questions
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  • Q1
    Research in which behaviours are seen in participants' normal environment or social, physical environment is a:
    overt observation
    naturalistic observation
    controlled observation
    participant observation
  • Q2
    Research in which the role of the observer is known to the participant is a:
    participant observation
    overt observation
    covert observation
    controlled observation
  • Q3
    A way of collecting data, that the participants' behaviour is recorded by a researcher who is not engaging with them as part of the social setting. The observer may be overt or covert:
    unstructured observation
    covert observation
    non-participant observation
    structured observation
  • Q4
    In an observation where the researcher has set up the environment in which the ppts are being observed, is a:
    controlled observation
    participant observation
    structured observation
    covert observation
  • Q5
    Which is a type of observation in psychological research?
  • Q6
    What is meant by event sampling in psychological observations?
    participants are observed to identify certain categories of behaviour
    every occurrence of behaviour, as specified on a predetermined checklist, is observed and recorded within a specified period of time
    participants’ behaviours are observed in set intervals of time
  • Q7
    What is a weakness of using an overt observation in psychological research?
    high risk of observer bias
    low levels of ecological validity
    reduced inter-rater reliability
    poor generalisability to population
  • Q8
    Which statement suggests that a researcher is being accused of observer bias?
    ‘she only observed one culture and not any others’
    ‘her observation sheet had not been standardised’
    ‘she purposely manipulated her results to match her hypothesis’
    ‘her perceptions were influenced by what she expected to see’
  • Q9
    Naturalistic observations are likely to increase ecological validity because participants are in their normal environment:
  • Q10

    Time sampling should be used in short observations 

    overt observation 


    one-way mirror


  • Q11
    What is a weakness of a covert observation:

    there is a chance that validity is compromised if participants suspect the observer

    the method is highly unethical when observing people in a public place 
    participants are more likely to be aware that they are being observed and therefore act less naturally
  • Q12
    Select a strength of a participant observation:

    avoids experimenter bias

    avoids experimenter bias

    greater accuracy and detail as the researcher is involved in the situation

  • Q13
    Select a weakness of a participant observation:

    lacks ecological validity

    participants may become aware that they are being observed

    harder to remain objective as the researcher themselves may get caught up in the moment
  • Q14
    Which is NOT a way of sampling behaviour in an observation?
    stratified sampling
    event sampling
    time sampling
  • Q15
    To improve the reliability of observations, pairs of researchers must establish:

    split-half reliability 

    observer bias
    inter-observer reliability

    ethical guidelines 


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