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OT 251 Module 2 tRAP (Prenatal - Two Years)

Quiz by Linsey Smith

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15 questions
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  • Q1
    In Erikson's theory, the psychological conflict of basic trust versus mistrust is resolved on the positive side when
    D. The balance of care is sympathetic and loving
    A. The parent(s) are perfectly in tune with the child's needs
    B. Hunger is consistently satisfied
    C. Toddlers are successfully toilet trained
  • Q2
    Infants whose parents ______________ tend to be less fussy
    D. Respond impatiently to their emotional cues
    B. Ignore negative emotions
    C. "Read" and respond sympathetically to their emotional cues
    A. Wait to intervene until their baby becomes agitated
  • Q3
    Which motor activity typically develops first?
    B. Scribbles vigorously
    A. Plays patty cake
    D. Sits alone
    C. Builds a tower of two cubes
  • Q4
    ___________________ seems to protect the young brain from excessive exposure to stress or inadequate stress hormone.
    B. Sensitive adult care
    D. Placing an infant to sleep on his or her back
    C. An early academic program that trains infants with flash cards
    A. Constant stimulation
  • Q5
    When baby Brad gazes at his mother, she smiles at him, and then Brad gazes and smiles too. This contingent responsiveness is an example of
    B. Extinction
    C. Habituation
    D. Classical conditioning
    A. Operant conditioning
  • Q6
    Once wariness of strangers develops after 6 months
    D. Other typical fears decline
    A. The stranger's style of interaction does little to comfort babies
    C. Infants resist exploring new environments
    B. Babies use their familiar caregivers as a secure base from which to explore
  • Q7
    Before Jack's mother leave for work every morning, she takes her car keys off a hook on the wall. Now, as soon as she unhooks her car keys, Jack begins to cry. In this example, ___________________________ is the conditioned response.
    A. Crying
    C. Morning time
    D. The car keys
    B. Leaving for work
  • Q8
    Professor Garcia is interested in the strong affectionate tie children have with special people in their lives that leads them to be comforted by their nearness in times of stress. Professor Garcia studies
    C. Sociocultural theory
    B. Attachment
    A. Goodness of fit
    D. Temperament
  • Q9
    Infants with a lot of crawling experience
    D. Are far less likely to refuse to cross the deep side of the visual cliff
    B. Tend to be delayed in walking, as they prefer crawling
    A. Become more fearless of the side of a bed or staircase
    C. Are more likely than their inexperienced agemates to remember object locations
  • Q10
    Research demonstrates that early make-believe play is
    A. Discovered by toddlers independently, once they are capable of representational schemes
    D. Less frequent and rich in collectivists cultures than in individualistic cultures
    C. Usually initiated by toddlers rather than their parents or older siblings
    B. The combined result of children's readiness to engage in it and social experiences that promote it
  • Q11
    In Erikson's theory, the conflict of toddlerhood, ________________________, is resolved favorably when parents provide suitable guidance and reasonable choices.
    B. trust vs. mistrust
    D. autonomy vs. shame and doubt
    C. initiative vs. guilt
    A. industry vs. inferiority
  • Q12
    Thomas becomes angry after a playmate took his truck away. How can Thomas' father help him to regulate his emotion?
    A. Encourage Thomas to stick up for himself and take the truck back
    B. Ignore Thomas' display of negative emotions
    C. Label Thomas' feelings, encourage him to describe his internal state and offer a comforting hug
    D. Tell Thomas that he needs to learn how to share his toys
  • Q13
    Which of the following is true about make believe play?
    B. At the end of the second year, almost all play episodes are initiated by adults
    C. Make believe is a major means through which children extend their cognitive skills and learn about important activities in their culture
    A. Children who spend a great deal of time in make believe play tend to be anxious and shy
    D. Parents and teachers inhibit make believe by participating with children
  • Q14
    When Sarah was 18 months old, her mother stood behind her, helping her throw a bean bag into a hole. As Sarah's skill improved, her mother stepped back, letting her trying on her own. This example BEST illustrates the concept of
    B. The zone of proximal development
    C. Novelty preference
    A. Sustained attention
    D. Accommodation
  • Q15
    For exploring the environment, humans depend on __________________________ more than any other sense.
    C. Touch
    B. Hearing
    D. Taste
    A. Vision

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