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Philippine Informal Reading Inventory- Directions: Read the selections and answer the following questions. Choose the letter of the correct answer.

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20 questions
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  • Q1
    Telling Time Humans have used different objects to tell time. In the beginning, they used an hourglass. This is a cylindrical glass with a narrow center that allows sand to flow from its upper to its lower portion. Once all the sand has trickled to the lower portion, one knows that an hour has passed. Using the same idea, water clocks were constructed to measure time by having water flow through a narrow passage from one container to another. On the other hand, sundials allowed people to estimate an hour by looking at the position of the shadow cast by the sun on a plate. At night, people measured time by checking the alignment of the stars in the sky. None of these were accurate, though. The clock was the first accurate instrument for telling time. 1. Which of the following ways of telling time made use of sand? (Literal)
    b. hourglass
    c. sundials
    d. clock
    a. water clocks
  • Q2
    2. None of the clocks used long ago were accurate. Accurate in the sentence means (Inferential)
    c. very useful
    b. comparable
    a. free from error
    d. efficient
  • Q3
    3. When men of long ago told time at night, they looked at the__________________ to tell the time. (Literal)
    a. cloud formation
    d. sun
    c. stars
    b. moon
  • Q4
    4. The sundials may not be useful in telling time______________________. (Inferential)
    b. in the morning
    a. at noontime
    c. during a rainy day
    d. when the sun shines brightly
  • Q5
    5. How are the hourglass and the water clock similar? (Inferential)
    c. Both are used only in the daytime.
    b. Both use water to tell time.
    a. Both tell time by the hour.
    d. Both have a narrow center through which something flows.
  • Q6
    6. The best title of the selection is______________________.(Critical)
    d. Comparing the Different Types of Clocks
    c. Ways of Telling Time: Then and Now
    a. The Uses of Clocks
    b. Why People Need to Tell Time
  • Q7
    7. Which of these sentences is a topic sentence? (Critical)
    a. The invention of the clock 600years ago was the first accurate measurement of time.
    c. Long ago people used simple tools such as the hour glass
    b. Hourglass contained sand that fell through one container to another.
    d. Humans have used different objects to tell the time
  • Q8
    Counting the Hours When men decided to divide the day into twenty-four hours, they used numbers one through twelve two times. As a result, there was one o’clock during the day and another one o’clock after midnight. This created confusion. If one was told to submit a project at six o’clock, did this mean six o’clock in the morning or at night? The Romans provided a solution to this problem. They thought that noontime, the time when the sun is at its apex, is an important time. They called noon Meridies and measured time by this. They called the morning ante meridiem, which means “before noon” while “afternoon” was called post meridiem. Ante meridiem was shortened to A.M. while post meridiem was shortened to P.M. 8. When the day was divided into twenty-four hours, what numbers were used to express time? (Literal)
    a. one to six
    c. one to thirty-six
    d. one to twenty four
    b. one to twelve
  • Q9
    9. Having one number to express time twice caused confusion. In this selection confusion may mean_______________________.(Inferential)
    c. problems
    b. discussions
    d. mistakes
    a. differences
  • Q10
    10. The Romans thought of a solution. This means that they provided_____________________.(Inferential)
    c. a new set of numbers
    d. another clock
    a. an answer to the problem
    b. a better interpretation
  • Q11
    11. Meridies means_______________.(Literal)
    d. daylight
    b. noon
    c. before
    a. apex
  • Q12
    12. The early Romans used the position of the sun to tell the time. When the sun was at its apex, it was noon. What does apex mean?
    b. lowest point
    d. nearest point
    c. farthest point
    a. highest point
  • Q13
    13. Another good title for this selection is________________.(Critical)
    c. How the Romans Told Time
    a. Why There Are Twenty-Four Hours in a Day
    d. The Meaning of A.M. and P.M.
    b. Why Noontime is Important to Romans
  • Q14
    Nosebleeds Having a nosebleed is a common occurrence. Children experience epistaxis when blood flows out from either or both nostrils, often for a short period of time. It may be caused by one’s behavior like frequent nose picking or blowing too hard when one has a cold. It may also be caused by certain physical factors such as an allergy or abnormal growths in the nasal cavity. Or it may be due to environmental conditions such as exposure to toxic fumes or dryness of the air. While it is often thought that holding one’s head back can treat a nosebleed, this can actually cause one to choke or vomit. The best thing to do is to lean forward, pinch the top of the nose and apply a cold compress. And if that doesn’t work, it’s best to get professional help. 14. When children experience epistaxis, we can observe that there is ____________. (Literal)
    b. blood flow from the nasal passage
    a. a steady flow of nasal discharge
    c. build up of mucus in our nasal cavity
    d. blood stoppage in the nostrils
  • Q15
    15. When an experience is described as a common occurrence it is _____________ .(Inferential)
    b. an episode that is quite alarming
    a. an incident that is disappointing
    c. an event that is no longer surprising
    d. an occasion that is overwhelming

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