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Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

Quiz by Amanda Jones

High School
Biology (2017)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

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Measures 1 skill from
High School
Biology (2017)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

BIOL.4a

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16 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    a cell that lacks a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles; includes achaea and bacteria
    Prokaryotic cell
    30s
    BIOL.4a
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    Delete
  • Q2
    a cell containing a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles
    Eukaryotic Cell
    30s
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  • Q3
    the idea that the mitochonria and chloroplasts were once free living and were engulfed by other prokaryotic cells.
    Endosymbiosis Theroy
    30s
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  • Q4
    a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
    Nucleus
    30s
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  • Q5
    non membrane bounded organelles responsible for protein synthesis;found in eukaryotes and porkaryotes
    Ribosomes
    30s
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  • Q6
    An organelle in eukaryotic cells consisting of stacks of flat membranous sacs that modify, store, and route products of the endoplasmic reticulum.
    Golgi Apparatus
    30s
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  • Q7
    membrane-bound sac containing digestive enzymes that can break down proteins, nucleic acids, and polysaccharides
    Lysosome
    30s
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  • Q8
    a large, fluid-filled organelle that stores not only water but also enzymes, metabolic wastes, and other materials;provides turgor pressure in plant cells
    Central Vacuole
    30s
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  • Q9
    organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy; contains DNA
    Chloroplast
    30s
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  • Q10
    in eukaryotic cells, the cell organelle that is surrounded by two membranes and that is the site of cellular respiration, which produces ATP;contains DNA
    Mitochondrion
    30s
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  • Q11
    strong wall outside a plant cell's plasma membrane that protects the cell and maintains its shape
    Cell wall
    30s
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  • Q12
    short structures projecting from a cell and containing bundles of microtubules that move a cell through its surroundings or move fluid over the cell's surface
    Cilia
    30s
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  • Q13
    A long cellular appendage specialized for locomotion, formed from a core of nine outer doublet microtubules and two inner single microtubules, ensheathed in an extension of plasma membrane.
    Flagella
    30s
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  • Q14
    a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as a barrier between the inside of a cell and the cell's environment
    Cell membrane
    30s
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  • Q15
    A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
    Cytoplasm
    30s
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  • Q16
    threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next Prokaryotic cells do not have them.
    Chromosome
    30s
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