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Research Methods: Experiments/Experimental Methods/Experimental Designs

Quiz by Amie Harris

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40 questions
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  • Q1
    What is the correct definition of validity

    The consistency of my measure, allows me to achieve consistent results.

    The way that I carry out my measure, allows me to achieve accurate results.

    30s
  • Q2
    What term is used to describe when a researchers expectations influence how they set up the study and behave towards the participants
    hawthorne effect
    demand characteristics
    researcher bias/Investigator effect
    interviewer effects
    30s
  • Q3
    What key term refers to the variable that is measured?
    dependent variable
    recording
    operationalisation
    independent variable
    30s
  • Q4
    Which of the following is an advantage of a field experiment research method

    high ecological validity 

    has high reliability and standardisation 

    has high control of extraneous variables 

    30s
  • Q5
    What hypothesis predicts the direction of a result?
    alternate hypothesis
    null hypothesis
    directional hypothesis/one-tailed
    non-directional hypothesis/two-tailed 
    30s
  • Q6
    What is the name of an additional variable that COULD have an effect an the DV?
    control
    extraneous
    Independent 
    external
    30s
  • Q7
    What term is used to describe an experiment where the IV already exists within the participants and has no direct manipulation by the researcher?
    observation
    quasi experiment
    field experiment
    lab experiment
    30s
  • Q8
    Which of the following is an advantage of an opportunity sample?

    collects a highly representative sample 

    useful if you want to collect participants with similar characteristics 

    has no issues with researcher bias

    30s
  • Q9
    What term is used to describe when the results can be confidently said to apply to a real life setting.
    external reliability 
    ecological validity
    internal validity
    inter-rater reliability
    30s
  • Q10
    Which of the following is a disadvantage of matched pairs experimental design?
    participants are more likely to work out the aim of the study
    selecting participants can be time consuming
    order effects may be present
    30s
  • Q11
    Which of the following is an advantage of a lab experiment?
    high control of extraneous variables
    settings for experiments are natural 
    can observe real behaviour of participants in a natural setting
    30s
  • Q12
    What term is used to describe an experimental set-up involving two groups of participants where one group experiences one of the conditions and a different group does the other condition?
    repeated measures design
    matched pairs design
    independent measures design
    dependent measures design
    30s
  • Q13
    The following IV is fully operationalised in this hypothesis: chocolate will have an effect on the amount of hours sleep a participant has.
    false
    true
    30s
  • Q14
    What is an advantage of a lab experiment?
    high ecological validity
    high control of extraneous variables
    30s
  • Q15
    Which statement reflects a non-directional hypothesis?
    males are more accurate in judging the speed of a car than females
    to investigate whether the is a gender difference in judging the speed of a car
    there is a difference in accuracy of judging the speed of a car between males and females
    females are more accurate in judging the speed of a car than males
    30s

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