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Research Methods: Sampling Methods & Ethics

Quiz by Amie Harris

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25 questions
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  • Q1
    What is Gender Bias?
    When a sample has mainly males or females and does not represent all genders
    only collecting good looking male or female participants
    the researcher is sexist
  • Q2
    If research is Androcentric, what does this mean?
    the sample is predominantly made up of females
    the sample is limited
    the sample is predominantly made up of males
    the sample does not have diverse cultures within it
  • Q3
    What is an accurate definition of population validity?
    ensuring that most of the participants were telling the truth
    being able to generalise results from the researchers sample to the target population
  • Q4
    What is opportunity sampling?
    anyone who volunteers for the research
    anyone who is available at the time of the research
  • Q5
    Identify the INCORRECT strength of an opportunity sampling method:
    quick and cheap to carry out, so easy to replicate
    can guarantee a large sample size
    it is the only sampling method for some research methods e.g. observations where consent is not gained
    good if you are looking for a sample with similar characteristics
  • Q6
    If a sample is gynocentric, what does this mean?
    the sample is predominantly made up of males
    the sample is predominantly made up of females
    the sample has been effected by researcher bias
    the sample is diverse
  • Q7
    What is the best definition for cultural bias
    when a sample is made up of a diverse range of cultures
    interpreting and judging behaviour by standards inherent to one's own culture
    when a sample mostly consists of people from one cultural context
  • Q8
    What is a self-selected sample?
    participants are collected by their friends
    participants choose themselves to take part in the study
    participants are around at the time
  • Q9
    Identify the INCORRECT weakness of a self-selected sample:
    increased chance of researcher bias
    certain types of people tend to volunteer and may not be representative
  • Q10
    Identify the INCORRECT strength of a self-selected sample:
    quick and practical to carry out, so easy to replicate
    can reach a wider variety of participants through emails, posters, advertisements
    can guarantee a diverse sample that can be generalised to the wider population
    more ethical, as participants have given their consent by signing up to the study
  • Q11
    What is random sampling?
    participants are chosen through advertising
    every member of the population has a fair and equal chance of taking part
    picking up participants who are available at the time
  • Q12
    What term is used when a participant is mislead in a study ?
    avoiding harm
    informed consent
  • Q13
    What term is used to describe points of concern or dilemmas about what is morally correct?
  • Q14
    What term is used to describe the part of the population that the study is aimed at?
    target population
    research method
  • Q15
    Which of the following is an advantage of a stratified sample?
    quick and easy
    time consuming
    no researcher bias

    good generalisability 


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