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Research Methods: Sampling Methods & Ethics

Quiz by Amie Harris

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25 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    What is Gender Bias?
    When a sample has mainly males or females and does not represent all genders
    only collecting good looking male or female participants
    the researcher is sexist
    30s
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  • Q2
    If research is Androcentric, what does this mean?
    the sample is predominantly made up of females
    the sample is limited
    the sample is predominantly made up of males
    the sample does not have diverse cultures within it
    30s
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  • Q3
    What is an accurate definition of population validity?
    ensuring that most of the participants were telling the truth
    being able to generalise results from the researchers sample to the target population
    30s
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  • Q4
    What is opportunity sampling?
    anyone who volunteers for the research
    anyone who is available at the time of the research
    30s
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  • Q5
    Identify the INCORRECT strength of an opportunity sampling method:
    quick and cheap to carry out, so easy to replicate
    can guarantee a large sample size
    it is the only sampling method for some research methods e.g. observations where consent is not gained
    good if you are looking for a sample with similar characteristics
    30s
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  • Q6
    If a sample is gynocentric, what does this mean?
    the sample is predominantly made up of males
    the sample is predominantly made up of females
    the sample has been effected by researcher bias
    the sample is diverse
    30s
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  • Q7
    What is the best definition for cultural bias
    when a sample is made up of a diverse range of cultures
    interpreting and judging behaviour by standards inherent to one's own culture
    when a sample mostly consists of people from one cultural context
    30s
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  • Q8
    What is a self-selected sample?
    participants are collected by their friends
    participants choose themselves to take part in the study
    participants are around at the time
    30s
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  • Q9
    Identify the INCORRECT weakness of a self-selected sample:
    increased chance of researcher bias
    certain types of people tend to volunteer and may not be representative
    30s
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  • Q10
    Identify the INCORRECT strength of a self-selected sample:
    quick and practical to carry out, so easy to replicate
    can reach a wider variety of participants through emails, posters, advertisements
    can guarantee a diverse sample that can be generalised to the wider population
    more ethical, as participants have given their consent by signing up to the study
    30s
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  • Q11
    What is random sampling?
    participants are chosen through advertising
    every member of the population has a fair and equal chance of taking part
    picking up participants who are available at the time
    30s
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  • Q12
    What term is used when a participant is mislead in a study ?
    deception
    avoiding harm
    informed consent
    debrief
    30s
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  • Q13
    What term is used to describe points of concern or dilemmas about what is morally correct?
    ethics
    egocentric
    ethnicity
    eligibility
    30s
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  • Q14
    What term is used to describe the part of the population that the study is aimed at?
    target population
    research method
    bias
    sample
    30s
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  • Q15
    Which of the following is an advantage of a stratified sample?
    quick and easy
    time consuming
    no researcher bias

    good generalisability 

    30s
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  • Q16
    Choosing every 4th house on the street is an example of:
    random sampling
    systematic sampling
    volunteer sampling
    opportunity sampling
    30s
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  • Q17
    Which is not a feature of random sampling?
    identify sub-groups/strata within the population
    assign all the names on the list a number
    obtain a complete list of the target population
    generate a sample using a lottery method
    30s
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  • Q18
    Which is most likely to produce a representative sample?
    systematic sampling
    stratified sampling
    volunteer sampling
    opportunity sampling
    30s
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  • Q19
    Standing in a shopping centre and picking people 'at random' to be part of the sample is:
    random sampling
    systematic sampling
    snowball sampling
    opportunity sampling
    30s
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  • Q20
    Under what age can participants NOT give consent to participate in a study?
    21
    16
    18
    14
    30s
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