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SCIENCE 8- PRE-TEST

Quiz by Emmalyn Querijero

Grade 8
Science
Philippines Curriculum: Grades K-10 (MELC)

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40 questions
Show answers
  • Q1

    It refers to the rock’s zone of weakness where the breaking of the rocks starts.

    focus

    foot wall

    hanging wall

    fault 

    30s
  • Q2

    Which of the following describes the build-up and release of stress during an earthquake?

    Elastic Rebound Theory

    Modified Mercalli Scale

    Principle of Superposition

    Travel Time Difference

    30s
  • Q3

    What major fault line runs through Metro Manila?

    Eastern Philippine Fault

    Western Philippine Fault

    West Valley Fault

    Central Philippine Fault

    30s
  • Q4

    The fault motion of a strike-slip fault is caused by __________.

    shearing forces

    compressional forces

    gravity force

    tensional forces

    30s
  • Q5

    You heard from the news that the earthquake has an energy of 7.6. Which of the following is the correct term to be used to describe the energy of 7.6?

    Force

    Intensity

    Magnitude

    Power

    45s
  • Q6

    How do scientists find out if a fault is either active or inactive?

    Scientists check the country’s historical records about destructive events such as typhoons.

    Scientists gather information from fossils and other ancient rocks.

    Scientists are studying the vibrations, past, and present that comes from faults.

    Scientists use meteorological observation and astronomical data.

    45s
  • Q7

    What type of faulting is illustrated in this diagram?

    Question Image

    normal fault 

    strike -slip fault

    thrust fault

    reverse fault 

    30s
  • Q8

    As the waves travel deeper into the mantle of the Earth, which likely to happen?

    S- waves penetrate the molten mantle

    P-waves are refracted

    P- waves create shadow zone

    S-waves are refracted

    30s
  • Q9

    It is an instrument used to measure the amount of energy released by an Earthquake.

     Seismogram 

    Stenograph

    Microscope

    Seismograph

    30s
  • Q10

    A type of fault which shows both dip-slip and strike-slip motion is called _______.

    oblique-slip fault

    strike-slip fault

    reverse fault

    normal fault

    30s
  • Q11

    Which of the following statements does NOT explain the difference of earthquake’s magnitude and intensity?

    Magnitude measures size or strengths of an earthquake while Intensity documents an earthquake’s damage.

    Magnitude is expressed using Roman Numerals while intensity is expressed using Hindu-Arabic numerals.

    Magnitude measures the energy released while intensity measures the severity of shaking.

    Magnitude is written in Hindu-Arabic numerals while intensity is measured in Roman Numerals.

    45s
  • Q12

    Which of the following is NOT the basis used by Earth scientists in classifying faults?

    The occurrence of earthquakes along the faults.

    The type of force that causes the movement.

    The direction of slip along the fault.

    The angle of the fault with respect to the surface.

    30s
  • Q13

    Epicenter is the point on the earth’s surface that is vertically above the focus.

    At what point is the epicenter of an earthquake located?

    Question Image

    Point A

    Point B

    Point C

    Point A to C

    60s
  • Q14

    Which of the following does NOT describe the Rayleigh waves?

    It produces elliptical motion 

     It has the longest duration 

     It is most frequently felt

    It vibrates side to side

    30s
  • Q15

    Which of the following explains the statements below?

    I. Body waves are vibrations which may inflict great damage to properties.

    II. Body waves are vibrations that travel through the interior of the Earth.

    Both statements are true

    Both statements are false

    The first statement is false and the second is true

    The first statement is true and the second is false

    60s

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