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Space Science 1

Quiz by Oksana Tariche

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17 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    The points labeled on the chart represent the approximate size of Earth, the Milky Way, the Moon, and the Sun. The approximate size of the Solar System is also shown. Which point on the chart best represents the approximate size of the Sun?
    Question Image
    W
    X
    Z
    Y
    120s
  • Q2
    The points labeled on the chart represent the approximate size of Earth, the Milky Way, the Moon, and the Sun. The approximate size of the Solar System is also shown. Which celestial body is represented by by letter X?
    Question Image
    Milky Way
    Sun
    Moon
    Earth
    120s
  • Q3
    The sun is much larger than the moon. However, as viewed from Earth, the sun and moon appear to be the same size. Why do the sun and moon appear to be the same size when viewed from Earth?
    Question Image
    The moon is much denser than the sun.
    The moon is much hotter than the sun.
    The moon is much closer to Earth than the sun.
    The moon is much brighter than the sun.
    120s
  • Q4
    In 1995, the Hubble Space Telescope photographed a tiny spot in the sky for a period of ten days; 342 exposures were placed together to create an image known as the Hubble Deep Field. Although the sample is tiny, it is representative of the universe, which looks similar in all directions. The image below shows a collection of billions of stars. The Hubble Deep Field shows at least 3,000 groups of these stars. Which term describes this group of stars?
    Question Image
    Galaxy
    Moon
    Solar system
    Universe
    120s
  • Q5
    Which one of the following planets is the LESS DENSE planet of the list?
    Question Image
    Earth
    Venus
    Saturn
    Mercury
    120s
  • Q6
    The diagram represents the layers of the Earth (core, mantle and crust). Which one of the following planets would you expect to have the same structure and layers?
    Question Image
    Neptune
    Jupiter
    Mars
    Uranus
    120s
  • Q7
    Which statement is true regarding measuring distances in space?
    All of the terrestrial planets are more than one astronomical unit (AU) from the Sun.
    An astronomical unit (AU) is larger than a light year.
    The Earth is one astronomical unit (AU) from the Sun.
    The time taken for light to travel through our Solar System is longer than that for light to travel through the Milky Way.
    120s
  • Q8
    Jill is creating a scale model of the Solar System. She uses a basketball to represent the Sun. Which of the following should she use to most accurately represent the size of Earth?
    Ping pong ball
    Marble
    Grain of sand
    Tennis ball
    120s
  • Q9
    Our solar system consists of eight planets. Each planet is classified as either a terrestrial planet or a gas giant planet. Which is a difference between these two types of planets?
    Question Image
    Gas giant planets have rockier crusts than terrestrial planets.
    Gas giant planets are denser than terrestrial planets.
    Terrestrial planets are larger than gas giant planets.
    Terrestrial planets have thinner atmospheres than gas giant planets.
    120s
  • Q10
    Space exploration has advanced our knowledge of the universe. Which space journey would take the longest?
    A journey from Earth to the moon
    A journey from Earth to the sun
    A journey from Earth to a star in the constellation Centaurus
    A journey from Earth to the farthest planet in our solar system
    120s
  • Q11
    The surface of Mercury has many more craters than the surface of Earth has. Which of the following statements best explains why Mercury has many more craters than Earth has?
    Question Image
    Mercury has a smaller mass than Earth has.
    Mercury is much closer to the Sun than Earth is.
    Mercury has a thinner atmosphere than Earth has.
    Mercury rotates faster than Earth does.
    120s
  • Q12
    Which of those objects has the greatest gravitational force?
    Earth
    Jupiter
    Asteroids
    Moon
    120s
  • Q13
    Saturn is 9.5 astronomical units (AU) from the Sun and Mars is only 1.5 AU from the Sun. Saturn is also much larger than Mars. Based on this information, how does the average surface temperature on Mars compare to the average surface temperature on Saturn?
    Question Image
    Since Mars is closer to the Sun than Saturn, it has a higher average surface temperature.
    Saturn is larger than Mars and absorbs more light, so it has a higher average surface temperature.
    Even though Saturn is further away, Saturn's rings cause it to have a lower average surface temperature.
    Since both planets are more than 1 AU from the Sun, their average surface temperatures are equal.
    120s
  • Q14
    According to the data table, how many times is Jupiter farther away from the Sun that the Earth?
    Question Image
    about 10 times
    about 30 times
    about 20 times
    about 5 times
    120s
  • Q15
    The current model of our Solar System is called the heliocentric model, which means the Sun is at the center. Before scientists developed the current model, which is best supported by the evidence, what was believed to be the center of our solar system?
    The Solar System had no center because all the planets' orbits were random.
    A star other than the Sun was the center of the Solar System.
    Earth was the center of the Solar System.
    A black hole was the center of the Solar System.
    120s

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