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Supreme Court Cases

Quiz by Terri Mason

Grade 7
Social Studies
Florida Standards

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Measures 3 skills from
Grade 7
Social Studies
Florida Standards

SS.7.C.3.12
SS.7.C.2.4
SS.7.C.3.6

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16 questions
Show answers
  • Q1

    What was the significance of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Marbury v. Madison (1803)

    It established the power of the Court to declare an  act of Congress unconstitutional (Judicial Review).

    It established the right of the Court to advise Congress in advance on the validity of proposed laws.

    It gave the Court original jurisdiction in disputes involving foreign governments. 

    It gave the Court the power to mediate disputes between different states.

    45s
    SS.7.C.3.12
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  • Q2

    The passage below is from the 1969 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Tinker v. Des Moines.

    "Clearly, the prohibition of expression of one particular opinion, at least without evidence that it is necessary to avoid material and substantial interference with schoolwork or discipline, is not constitutionally permissible."

    What did the Court conclude on the basis of this reasoning?

    Students were entitled to free speech rights even in a school setting.

    School authorities could censor school-sponsored publications.

    Students could not publish statements that identified other students by name

    Students could not publish statements that criticizes government policies. 

    120s
    SS.7.C.3.12
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  • Q3

    What statement identifies the significance of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education (1954)?

    It upheld state laws requiring the payment of poll taxes to vote.

    It overturned the earlier decision of Gideon v. Wainwright.

    It overturned racial segregation in public schools. 

    It upheld state laws requiring racial segregation on railroad cars.

    45s
    SS.7.C.3.12
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  • Q4

    In which U.S. Supreme Court decision did Chief Justice John Marshall establish the power of the Court to invalidate a "law repugnant to (in conflict with) the Constitution?

    Brown v. Board of Education

    Miranda v. Arizona

    Bush v. Gore

    Marbury v. Madison

    60s
    SS.7.C.3.12
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  • Q5

    The passage below is from the U.S.  Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).

    "We consider the underlying fallacy of the plaintiff's argument to consist in the assumption that the enforced separation of the two races stamps the colored race with a badge of inferiority. If this be so, it is not by reason of anything found in the act, but solely because the colored race chooses to put that construction upon it....

    If the civil political rights of both races by equal, one cannot be inferior to the other civilly or politically. If one race be inferior to the other socially, the constitution of the United States cannot put them upon the same plane."

    What was the impact of the reasoning below?

    State governments had to ensure the economic and social equality of their residents.

    Southern state governments were forced to end their practice of racial segregation. 

    Racial segregation remained in place in the South for another half century

    State governments no longer had to provide equal facilities to members of different races.

    120s
    SS.7.C.3.12
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  • Q6

    The passage below is from the U.S. supreme Court case Tinker v. Des Moines (1969).

    In our system, state-operated schools may not be enclaves of totalitarianism. School officials do not possess absolute authority over their students. Students in school  as well as out of school are "persons" under our Constitution. They are possessed of fundamental rights... In the absences of specific showing of constitutionality valid reasons to regulate their speech, students are entitled to freedom of expression of their views.

    Based on this reasoning, what did the U.S. Supreme Court conclude?

    Students will cause too much disruption if they wear armbands to school.

    Students can express their political views in student newspapers but not in classrooms.

    Students have the right to express their political opinions at home but not in school.

    Students have the right to wear armbands in school to express their political beliefs.

    120s
    SS.7.C.3.12
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  • Q7

    The passage below is from the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education (1954).

    Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law, for the policy of  separating the races is usually interpreted as denoting the inferiority of the (African-American) group ...We conclude that , in the field of public education, the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place.

    What was the impact of this reasoning by the U.S. Supreme Court?

    Racial segregation was discontinued in public elementary schools but continued in higher grades.

    Southern states were forced to end all racial segregation in public schools

    Southern states were required to ensure the economic and social equality of all races. 

    Southern states could maintain separate schools for African-American and white children if they were of equal quality.

    120s
    SS.7.C.3.12
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  • Q8

    What is one of the five freedoms protected by the First Amendment?

    Freedom of speech

    Freedom of self-incrimination

    Freedom from unreasonable search and seizure

    Freedom from cruel and unusual punishments

    45s
    SS.7.C.2.4
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  • Q9

    Juanita owns unused property in her town. Her city council decides to use part of her property to build a new bus terminal. the Council votes to give Juanita $20,000. for this part of her property. She claims her land is worth much more. The city clerk sends her a check for $20,000, and the city starts building the terminal. Which two rights of Juanita have been violated?

    to equal protection of the law and to a prohibition of double jeopardy.

    to privacy and to protection from unreasonable seizure.

    to due process and to just compensation in case of eminent domain

    to assistance of counsel and to trial by jury

    120s
    SS.7.C.2.4
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  • Q10

    Which of these rights from the Bill of Rights helps people accused of crimes?

    the right to petition government for a redress of grievances.

    the right to bear arms for self-defense

    the right to have assistance of counsel

    the right not to have troops quartered in one's home

    45s
    SS.7.C.2.4
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  • Q11

    While Alex was at school, police officers broke into his home and took his computer. They did not have a warrant and there was no reason to believe that Alex had broken any laws. Alex was not avoiding the police or planning to move away from his home. Which right did police officers violate?

    the right to due process of law in the Fourteenth Amendment

    the right to equal protection of the laws in the Fourteenth Amendment

    the right to assistance of legal counsel in the Sixth Amendment

    the right against unreasonable searches and seizures in the Fourth Amendment

    120s
    SS.7.C.2.4
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  • Q12

    The statement below was made by Benjamin Franklin in the Pennsylvania Gazette in 1737.

    Freedom of speech is the pillar of a free government. When this support is taken away, the constitution of a free society is dissolved and tyranny is erected.

    What makes this freedom so essential to a successful democracy?

    It permits citizens to criticize government actions.

    It helps the government to enforce the law.

    It provides new ideas for government leaders.

    It provides patriotic activities in times of war.

    120s
    SS.7.C.2.4
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  • Q13

    Which statement best defines "due process" of law?

    Procedures used to enforce the law are fair, reasonable, and just.

    Government decision affecting individuals are made in secret to avoid publicity.

    Decisions affecting individuals are made by a jury of peers

    People have guaranteed rights that can only be taken away in emergencies.

    45s
    SS.7.C.3.6
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  • Q14

    What was the main purpose for the Bill of Rights?

    to announce the reasons for separating from Great Britain

    to establish a republican government in America

    to guarantee individual freedoms against abuses of power.

    to establish a stronger central government in the United States

    45s
    SS.7.C.2.4
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  • Q15

    Why is freedom of the press so important to democratic government?

    It provides a place where candidates can advertise in election campaigns.

    It keeps talented and created writers employed

    It keeps citizens informed about the acts of their government leaders.

    It helps government officials keep track of public opinion.

    45s
    SS.7.C.3.6
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  • Q16

    Which statement describes an impact of the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment?

    Opponents of the government no longer feared forced interment.

    Americans were protected against abuses by state governments.

    Women were guaranteed the right to vote in all states.

    African-American freedmen were guaranteed the right to vote.

    45s
    SS.7.C.3.6
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