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TEKS Biology High School - B.4.B: Cellular Processes

Quiz by TEKS Biology High School

High School - Biology
Science (2010)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

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High School - Biology
Science (2010)
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

B.4.B: Cellular Processes

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12 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Which molecule synthesized by plants is a major source of energy for cellular processes in both plants and animals?
    Nucleic acid
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes
  • Q2
    The picture shows a contractile vacuole of a unicellular freshwater organism. The contractile vacuole regulates the flow of water into and out of the cell in an aquatic environment. What conditions cause the contractile vacuole to fill with water?
    Question Image
    The temperature of water in the vacuole is lower than the temperature of its environment
    The concentration of water inside the cell is the same as the concentration outside the cell
    The concentration of water is greater outside the cell than inside the cell
    The temperature of water in the vacuole is higher than the temperature of its environment
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes
  • Q3
    In the early 1900s a scientist hypothesized a link between DNA and the production of proteins in the cytoplasm. However, the fact that DNA could not be found outside the nucleus led scientists to believe that another substance was also involved in the synthesis of protein in the cytoplasm. In the 1940s scientists performed an experiment that ultimately identified the site of protein synthesis. They also identified the molecule responsible for transporting information from the nucleus to the site of protein synthesis. What was this newly identified molecule?
    A gene
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes
  • Q4
    This diagram shows cellular activity across a cell membrane. Which two processes does this diagram most directly model?
    Question Image
    Homeostasis and transport of molecules
    Transport of molecules and energy conversions
    Energy conversions and synthesis of new molecules
    Synthesis of new molecules and homeostasis
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes
  • Q5
    Cells can generate as many as 36 to 38 molecules of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from the metabolism of one molecule of glucose. Which cellular process results in this amount of ATP production?
    Aerobic cellular respiration
    Anaerobic cellular respiration
    Protein synthesis
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes
  • Q6
    Some students used vinegar to dissolve away the shells of three eggs and used these eggs as models of human red blood cells. The students observed the changes in the eggs when they were placed in different solutions. Which statement best describes the role of the cell membrane in this model?
    Question Image
    The cell membrane removes solutes from the environment
    The cell membrane allows water to enter and leave the cell
    The cell membrane is an impermeable barrier that prevents water from entering the cell
    The cell membrane allows solutes to enter the cell, which causes the cell to shrink
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes
  • Q7
    Which group of organelles is directly responsible for the production of new molecules within a cell?
    The endoplasmic reticulum, plastids, and vacuoles
    Golgi apparatuses, lysosomes, and the plasma membrane
    The nucleolus, vacuoles, and ribosomes
    Ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum, and Golgi apparatuses
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes
  • Q8
    The cellular process known as the sodium-potassium pump was discovered in the 1950s by Jens Christian Skou, a Danish scientist. This process is a form of active transport that moves three sodium ions to the outside of a cell for every two potassium ions that it moves into the cell. Which of these best explains why energy is needed for active transport?
    Ions are negatively charged
    Ions are trapped inside the plasma membrane
    Ions are attached to large proteins
    Ions are moved against the concentration gradient
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes
  • Q9
    Which of these statements best explains the process of energy conversion that takes place in the mitochondria?
    Oxygen molecules release energy in the form of heat during combustion reactions
    Energy is required for carbon dioxide molecules to form six-carbon sugar molecules
    Water molecules and radiant energy are necessary for anaerobic respiration to take place
    The energy in the bonds of glucose molecules is transferred to the phosphate bonds in ATP
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes
  • Q10
    Which cellular process takes place in the ribosomes that are bound to the endoplasmic reticulum?
    The synthesis of new proteins
    The conversion of radiant energy to glucose
    The replication of nucleic acids
    The breakdown of waste material
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes
  • Q11
    The diagram illustrates the activity of vesicles during a cellular process. Which statement best explains the function of the vesicles?
    Question Image
    Transporting packaged molecules from the Golgi apparatus to be released out of the cell
    Extracting portions of the Golgi apparatus to be regenerated for growth within the cell
    Exchanging genetic information between the Golgi apparatuses of separate cells
    Delivering packaged materials to the Golgi apparatus for protein synthesis
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes
  • Q12
    When mammals get an infection, their internal body temperature often rises 2 to 3 degrees Celsius. The body gets the energy it needs to react to an infection by -
    decreasing the rate of glucose movement into the cell
    increasing the rate of cellular division
    increasing the rate of cellular respiration in mitochondria
    decreasing the rate at which carbon dioxide is removed from the cell
    B.4.B: Cellular Processes

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