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Test 1 Review

Quiz by Amanda Wood

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21 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    Cells obtain energy from organic compounds and transfer it to the energy used to drive the chemical reactions in the cell in which of these organelles?
    Question Image
    3
    4
    2
    1
    30s
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  • Q2
    Which cellular process would be affected first if the structure labeled 3 were destroyed?
    Question Image
    respiration
    photosynthesis
    reproduction
    transport
    30s
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  • Q3
    Which of the following statements is not true?
    Water is polar.
    Water is the most abundant molecule in the Earth’s atmosphere.
    Water is essential for life.
    Water stabilizes temperature.
    30s
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  • Q4
    Which type of isomers are represented in the following image?
    Question Image
    Geometric isomers
    None of the above
    Structural isomers
    Enatiomers
    30s
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  • Q5
    If xenon has an atomic number of 54 and a mass number of 108, how many neutrons does it have?
    100
    54
    27
    108
    30s
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  • Q6
    A student put some drops of Lugol’s iodine solution into the water in the beaker shown above. The water turned red. After a short time, the starch solution inside the dialysis tubing turned black. Which function of the cell membrane was the student demonstrating?
    Question Image
    diffusion through a permeable membrane
    facilitated diffusion of starch
    diffusion through a semipermeable membrane
    active transport of hydrogen ions
    30s
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  • Q7
    Which of the following substances must be taken into the cell by the structure above labeled 3 because it is too large to pass through the cell membrane?
    Question Image
    glucose
    sodium
    polysaccharide
    potassium
    30s
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  • Q8
    The energy that comes from organic compounds is transferred to the cell to maintain healthy function. Which organelle in an animal cell is responsible for this energy transfer?
    ribosomes
    cytoplasm
    nucleus
    mitochondria
    30s
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  • Q9
    Which cellular process takes place in the ribosomes that are bound to the endoplasmic reticulum?
    The replication of nucleic acids
    The synthesis of new proteins
    The conversion of radiant energy to glucose
    The breakdown of waste material
    30s
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  • Q10
    This diagram shows cellular activity across a cell membrane.Which two processes does this diagram most directly model?
    Question Image
    Homeostasis and transport of molecules
    Energy conversions and synthesis of new molecules
    Synthesis of new molecules and homeostasis
    Transport of molecules and energy conversions
    30s
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  • Q11
    Plant cells are much less flexible than animal cells. Which cellular structure in plant cells is most responsible for this characteristic?
    cell wall
    chloroplast
    cell membrane
    vacuole
    30s
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  • Q12
    What is the function of the cell wall in a plant cell?
    control the functions of the cell
    generate the cell's supply of energy
    contain waste products of the cell
    provide structural support and protection
    30s
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  • Q13
    Prokaryotes are single-celled organisms belonging to the Domains: Archae and Bacteria. Which of the following cell structures would not be present in prokaryotic cells?
    cell membrane
    nucleus
    cytoplasm
    ribosome
    30s
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  • Q14
    Carbohydrates are more easily metabolized than lipids. However, on a gram-for-gram basis lipids provide cells with more —
    nitrogen
    energy
    proteins
    structure
    30s
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  • Q15
    Which of the following biomolecules typically contains both nitrogen and phosphate?
    Protein
    Nucleic acid
    Lipid
    Carbohydrate
    30s
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  • Q16
    The differences between two molecules include the type of sugar that forms a section of the molecules and the identity of one of the four nitrogenous bases that make up another section of the molecules. These two molecules are
    lipids
    complex carbohydrates
    nucleic acids
    proteins
    30s
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  • Q17
    Which of these substances stores the most energy?
    one gram of protein
    one gram of carbohydrate
    one gram of fat
    one gram of alcohol
    30s
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  • Q18
    A biomolecule that is a large, complex set of chains composed of alternating subunits called nucleotides has which of these functions in the cell?
    storing energy
    storing genetic information
    building tissue
    catalyzing cellular reactions
    30s
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  • Q19
    The enzymes that catalyze cellular reactions are macromolecules called proteins. Which of the following elements most often compose proteins?
    carbon and hydrogen
    carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
    carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus
    carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
    30s
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  • Q20
    Electronegativity is dependent upon the number of?
    Electrons
    Protons
    Hydrogens
    Neutrons
    30s
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