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THE FIGHT FOR INDEPENDENCE

Quiz by TSyn VVendy

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18 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    The struggles for independence can be divide into 3 major ethnic. What are they?
    Malay, Chinese and Indian
    300s
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  • Q2
    Malay nationalism evolved in 3 stages. What are they?
    religious stage (1906-1926), economic stage (1926-1938) and political stage(1938-forward) based on a time line.
    300s
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  • Q3
    What are the factors that caused Chinese nationalism?
    China-Japan war, movement of 100 day renewal that was initiated by Kang Yu Wei, 1898 (esp in Perak and Selangor). Also influenced by Dr. Sun Yat Sen who opposed the Manchu Government. There’s also Kuomintang Party in China.
    300s
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  • Q4
    Indian nationalism is affected by?
    National Movement in India by Mahatma Gandhi. The success of Indian National Congress in obtaining independence in India gave hope to Indian community in Malaya.
    300s
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  • Q5
    What are the three early newspapers?
    Al-Imam, Al-Ikhwan and Neracha.
    300s
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  • Q6
    What is the focus of Panduan Guru newspaper?
    Malay teacher association in Penang first publication
    300s
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  • Q7
    What is the purpose of Fajar Sarawak?
    Raise awareness
    300s
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  • Q8
    what are the some other association and organization in Malaya before World War II ?
    Malayan communist party Kesatuan Melayu Muda Kongress Melayu Seluruh tanah melayu
    300s
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  • Q9
    Who is Harold Mac Micheal?
    British representative and need to procure the signature of consent from all 9 Malay Sultans.
    300s
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  • Q10
    Why MU is introduced?
    To unify the administrate system To control and restrict power of Malay people Lets the local rule but have to follow British political system Unite the politics of Malaya
    300s
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  • Q11
    What is jus soli principle?
    the right of anyone born into the territory of a state to nationality or citizenship
    300s
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  • Q12
    Why Malaya oppose to MU?
    Sultan lose his sovereignty/authority jus soli principle – the right of anyone born into the territory of a state to nationality or citizenship MU was formed without input from the Malays and was rushed Harold Mac Micheal used force and intimidation A group of ex-British officers who served in Malay Peninsula also disapproved MU such as Frank Swettenhem and George Maxwell.
    300s
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  • Q13
    What are the main proposal of MU?
    State government can control health, education, land and agriculture Condition for citizenship tighten Malay were to be given special rights as the indigenous people
    300s
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  • Q14
    Describe UMNO
    founded by Dato Onn Jaafar on 1946. the party was formed to oppose the MU and to unite all the Malays and defend the special rights of the Malays.
    300s
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  • Q15
    Describe MIC
    founded by John A.Thivy on 1946. it is to protect the rights of the Indian, fight for political rights in Malaya and also represent the Indian community in conveying their opinion to the Government.
    300s
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  • Q16
    Describe MCA
    founded by Tun Tan Cheng Lock on 1949. the reason is to protect the Chinese rights and to maintain harmony among the various race in the country.
    300s
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  • Q17
    Why Reid Commission?
    draft the Federated States of Malaya constitution (take into account all 131 memorandum from organizations).
    300s
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  • Q18
    What are the 6 characteristics of the Federated States of Malaya constitution ?
    Political system used would be on Constitutional Monarchy Head of government is Prime Minister Federation would be democratic Condition for citizenship would be refined Bahasa Melayu was to become national language Islam was to be recognized as official religion but freedom of religions is allowed. The inter racial cooperation finally showed success when Independence was obtained in 31/8/1957.
    300s
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