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The New Republic & the Constitution

Quiz by Sharon Martin

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42 questions
Show answers
  • Q1
    What were the Articles of Confederation?
    the nation's first executive branch of government that created a strong central government
    the nation's first constitution establishing a firm league of friendship with state's retaining their sovereignty, freedom and independence
    the nation's first bill of rights, which allowed for state's to petition the nation for statehood
    the nation's first ordinances that allowed for the President to borrow money and issue currency
    45s
  • Q2
    The Ordinance of 1785 set up a process to survey and sell the lands north of the Ohio River, and this new law also called for....
    the expansion of the area into 10-12 smaller territories; when a territory reached 100,000 residents, the people could seek statehood.
    the division of large areas of land into townships that were 10 miles long and 10 miles wide, and could be further divided into 100 sections of 890 acres.
    the expansion of the area into 3-5 smaller territories; when a territory reached 60,000 residents, the people could seek statehood.
    the division of large areas of land into townships that were 6 miles long and 6 miles wide, and could be further divided into 36 sections of 640 acres.
    60s
  • Q3
    The Northwest Ordinance, passed in 1787, guaranteed the property rights of settlers and provided a democratic model for national expansion. It also created a single Northwest Territory from lands north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River. This ordinance stated:
    the division of large areas of land into townships that were 6 miles long and 6 miles wide, and could be further divided into 36 sections of 640 acres.
    the expansion of the area into 10-12 smaller territories; when a territory reached 100,000 residents, the people could seek statehood.
    the division of large areas of land into townships that were 10 miles long and 10 miles wide, and could be further divided into 100 sections of 890 acres.
    the expansion of the area into 3-5 smaller territories; when a territory reached 60,000 residents, the people could seek statehood.
    60s
  • Q4
    What were some of the problems with the Articles of Confederation?
    It created a strong central government, and the states did not retain any of their powers or sovereignty.
    It's creation worked properly, and there were not real issues with any of the powers of the Congress or the states.
    It created a barely functional government, and the Congress could not conduct foreign affairs or borrow money as needed.
    It created a weak central government, and the Congress did not have the power to regulate trade, force citizens to join the army, or impose taxes.
    45s
  • Q5
    What does the following describe? "Resentment boiled in Massachusetts. In 1786, angry farmers forced courts in the western part of the state to close. The goal was to stop judges from legally taking away farmers' lands. The revolt grew. In January, 1787, a man led a force of about 1,200 supporters toward the federal arsenal in Springfield, MA. The farmers wanted to seize guns and ammunition. The state militia ordered the advancing farmers to halt and then fired over their heads. The farmers did not stop. The militia fired again, killing four farmers. The farmers fled and the uprising was over, but the American's concerns grew that the government could not handle unrest and prevent rebellion."
    Land Ordinance of 1800
    Virginia Plan
    Shay's Rebellion
    Constitutional Convention
    120s
  • Q6
    Where was the Constitutional Convention held?
    Philadelphia
    Boston
    New York
    Jamestown
    45s
  • Q7
    What word means "two houses"?
    bylaw
    bidimensional
    bifurcate
    bicameral
    45s
  • Q8
    What does the following describe? "Strong national government, three branches of government, two house legislature, chief executive chosen by the legislature, representation in Congress would be proportional."
    New Jersey Plan
    Great Compromise
    Virginia Plan
    45s
  • Q9
    What does the following describe? "Three branches of government, legislature - each states has one vote, more powerful government than under Articles of Confederation, but not too strong, executive branch chosen by Congress."
    New Jersey Plan
    Virginia Plan
    Great Compromise
    45s
  • Q10
    What does the following describe? "Three branches of government, two-house legislature - Senate offer equal representation and House of Representatives offers representation based on the population of a state."
    New Jersey Plan
    Great Compromise
    Virginia Plan
    45s
  • Q11
    What does the following describe? "For representation in states as well as population counts for taxation, delegates to the Constitutional Convention agreed that every five enslaved persons would count as three persons."
    Three-Fifths Compromise
    Great Compromise
    Representation Compromise
    Five-Thirds Compromise
    45s
  • Q12
    Slavery was a very controversial topic discussed during the Constitutional Convention. The Northern and Southern states had very different opinions on the topic. Most Northern states had already banned the slave trade while the Southern states considered slavery and the slave trade as central to their economy. Which statement best describes the end result of the discussions?
    Northern representatives agreed to keep the new Congress from interfering with the slave trade until 1808.
    The slave trade was banned effective with the passing of the new constitution regardless of what the states desired.
    Southern representatives staged a picket outside the Pennsylvania State House during the convention.
    The North and the South agreed that slavery would be allowable indefinitely because they could not come up with a compromise.
    60s
  • Q13
    What date was the Constitution approved by the delegates at the convention?
    September 17, 1777
    September 17, 1787
    September 17, 1987
    September 17, 1887
    45s
  • Q14
    What two historical documents influenced the delegates and writers of the U.S. Constitution?
    Magna Carta & English Bill of Rights
    Magna Carta & Declaration of Independence
    Declaration of Independence & Articles of Confederation
    English Bill of Rights & Declaration of Independence
    45s
  • Q15
    The sharing of power between the federal and state governments is called:
    checks & balances
    limited government
    federalism
    republicanism
    45s

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